Borage Oil

40 mins read

Borage Oil is originated from the seeds of the plant, borago officinalis (borage).

Borage seed oil has among the greatest quantities of γ-linolenic acid (gla) of seed oils– higher than blackcurrant seed oil or evening primrose oil, to which it is thought about comparable. Gla normally comprises about 24% of the oil. [1]

Overview

Borage is a plant. Its flowers and leaves, in addition to the oil from its seeds are used as medicine.

Borage seed oil is utilized for skin disorders consisting of eczema (atopic dermatitis), red, scratchy rash on the scalp (seborrheic dermatitis), and a kind of skin condition called neurodermatitis. It is also utilized for rheumatoid arthritis (ra), swelling of the gums, stress, premenstrual syndrome (pms), diabetes, attention deficit-hyperactivity condition (adhd), acute breathing distress syndrome (ards), alcohol addiction, pain and swelling (inflammation), asthma, and for preventing cardiovascular disease and stroke. Borage oil is in some cases contributed to infant formula in small amounts to supply fatty acids required to promote advancement of preterm babies.

Borage flower and leaves are utilized for fever, cough, and anxiety. Borage is likewise utilized for a hormonal agent issue called adrenal deficiency, for “blood filtration,” to increase urine circulation, to prevent inflammation of the lungs, as a sedative, and to promote sweating. Borage is likewise used to increase breast milk production and to deal with bronchitis and colds.

Borage is applied to the skin for red, scratchy rash on the scalp of infants (seborrheic dermatitis) and is likewise utilized in a dressing to soften the skin. In foods, borage is eaten in salads and soups.

In manufacturing, borage is used in skin care products. [2]

History of borage

Cooked as a vegetable, eaten as a salad, and combined with wine, the borage plant has a long history of being a typically consumed plant. It is widely known for being among the wealthiest sources of gamma-linolenic acid.

It is only just recently that borage seeds oil started appearing in skincare items, however in ancient times borage was referred to as beebread since bees loved the blue star-shaped flower. The plant was likewise called starflower, as a result of its blue star-shaped appearance. Throughout history, borage has actually been described as a spirit lifter. The greek physician dioscorides claimed, “borage can cheer the heart and lift depressed spirits.”.

Primarily cultivated in the northern hemisphere, the borage plant is native to the eastern mediterranean region. It is now grown in numerous parts of europe, including terrific britain and parts of the United States and Canada. In numerous areas of europe, the leaves are prepared as a vegetable. Eating the different parts.

Of this plant offered the necessary fatty acids needed and operated as a tonic to those experiencing anxiety. In the center ages, borage leaves were frequently brewed into a medicinal tea given that they were believed to cure fevers, coughs, and even anxiety.

In the odyssey by greek poet homer, borage is the herb that caused lapse of memory when mixed in wine. When roman soldiers fought, borage flowers were soaked in their red wine the night prior to they were going to fight. This permitted the soldiers to forget their concerns and focus on the war. The flowers included taste to their wine and operated as a potion for offering nerve to the soldiers. To even more support this theory, the english name of the plant is originated from the celtic word borrach, which directly equates to an individual of nerve. [3]

How to grow borage?

The borage herb is an old-fashioned plant that can get up to 2 feet (61 cm.) Tall, or more. It is belonging to the middle east and has an ancient history in war as an enhancement for bravery and guts. Growing borage supplies the garden enthusiast with cucumber-flavored leaves for tea and other beverages along with brilliant, starry blue flowers for embellishing salads. All parts of the plant, except the roots, are flavorful and have cooking or medical usages. Borage plant information while not as common as thyme or basil, borage herb (borago officinalis) is a special plant for the culinary garden. It grows quickly as a yearly however will colonize a corner of the garden by self-seeding and reappearing every year. June and july are declared by the presence of the borage flower, an attractive, small, dazzling blue bloom with appealing qualities. Indeed, the plant should be included in the butterfly garden and brings pollinators to your veggies. The oval leaves are hairy and rough with the lower foliage pressing 6 inches (15 cm.) In length. The borage plant might grow 12 or more inches (30.5 or more cm.) Wide in a tall bushy habit. 0 seconds of 0 secondsvolume 0% growing borage herb growing just takes a little gardening know-how. Grow borage in an herb or flower garden. Prepare a garden bed that is well tilled with average organic matter. Make sure that the soil is well-drained and in a medium ph range. Sow seeds directly into the garden after the last date of frost. Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch (6.5 mm.– 1.5 cm.) Under the soil in rows 12 inches (30.5 cm.) Apart. Thin the borage herb to a minimum of 1 foot (30.5 cm.) When the plants measure 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm.) Tall. Planting borage with strawberries attracts bees and increases the yield of fruit. It has limited culinary use in today’s foods, but the borage flower is typically used as a garnish. Typically the borage plant was used to treat lots of ailments, from jaundice to kidney issues. In medical usage today it is restricted, but the seeds are a source of linolenic acid. Borage flowers are also utilized in potpourris or candied for use in confections. Borage can be perpetuated by allowing the flowers to go to seed and self-sow. Pinching the terminal development will require a bushier plant however may compromise some of the flowers. Borage herb is not a picky plant and has actually been understood to grow in refuse stacks and highway ditches. Be assured you want the plant to regrow every year or eliminate the flowers prior to it seeds. Growing borage requires a devoted space in the house garden. Borage herb harvest sowing the seeds every 4 weeks will guarantee a ready supply of borage flowers. The leaves may be picked at any time and utilized fresh. Dried leaves have little of the particular flavor so the plant is best taken in after harvest. Leave the flowers alone if you are hosting a honeybee nest. The blossoms produce an exceptional flavored honey. [4]

Borage seed oil extraction

Borage seed oil is best drawn out by low temperature extraction technique. Low temperature extraction is especially appropriate for machine pushing natural plants and high value-added cash crops. During the drawing out process, the oil temperature level is low, the oil yield is high, the residual oil of cake is low, and the processed oil is light in color, great in quality and rich in nutrition.

The cryogenic oil press produced by our business is the perfect option for extracting borage oil. The use of this press can avoid damaging the molecular structure of the borage seed oil and prevent the loss of nutrients, hence successfully improving the quality of the ended up oil.

Above is a 20l extraction maker for borage seed oil extract processing. The entire extraction procedure will be completed under low temperature and low pressure with this extraction maker, and the active components in natural borage seeds will not be damaged. For that reason, the last borage seed oil is of highest quality and can be priced high in the worldwide market. For big scale or commercial production of borage seed oil, we can likewise provide ideal complete oil extraction plant at industry low cost. [5]

How does it work?

Borage seed oil contains extremely high levels of 2 kinds of polyunsaturated omega-6 essential fatty acids, 20– 26% gamma-linolenic acid (gla) and linolenic acid (la, which your body transforms to gla).

Gla is a vital fat that’s important for keeping a joint’s cell structure and function. Your body transforms it into hormone-like substances called prostaglandins, which control your immune system and fight joint inflammation. Gla might likewise reduce inflammatory reactions by straight acting on some inflammatory cells.

Numerous aspects can interfere with your body’s production of gla from la, consisting of:.

  • Ageing
  • Malnutritions
  • Viral infections
  • Some diseases.

Other oils normally utilized in regular diet plan (like sunflower oil) only include la. Borage seed oil is the wealthiest source of pure gla. It also includes tannic, oleic and palmetic acid. [6]

Nutritional worth

Eightynine grams of serving of raw borage includes 19 calories and 0.62 grams of fat. The exact same quantity grants 83 mg of calcium, 2.94 mg of iron, 46 mg of magnesium, 0.053 mg of thiamin, 0.134 mg of riboflavin, 0.801 mg of niacin and others. It supplies 36.75% of iron, 34.67% of vitamin c, 26.71% of vitamin a, 13.52% of manganese, 12.89% of copper etc. [7]

Kinds of borage oil

You can discover borage oil as an oil made from the plant’s seeds, but you can also discover it as dietary supplements. These may be available in pill or soft gel type, which you take by mouth.

All types of borage oil include gla, which is considered the primary active component. You can discover gla in other oils, such as evening primrose and black currant.

Picking the ideal kind of borage oil depends upon what you’re utilizing it for. Topical items might work best on skin and hair but are not indicated to be taken by mouth. Make sure to read the labels for directions and safety measures.

Oral variations might work better for kinds of swelling, consisting of in vascular health. [8]

What are the benefits of borage seed oil?

Primarily borage oil advantages us by crediting to gamma-linolenic acid, an important fat in the oil. The oil is known to eliminate inflammation (and associated conditions like arthritis) and greatly improve skin health. It also aids weight loss and helps deal with dry eyes.

Battles inflammation

The gamma-linolenic acid needs to be offered credit for this especially beneficial quality of borage seed oil. Gla is a crucial omega-6 fat that is converted into prostaglandins in your body– and these substances regulate your resistance and fight inflammation. Gla also straight affects inflammatory cells and thereby suppresses inflammation.

One study from the university of pennsylvania mentioned how borage oil can assist treat rheumatoid arthritis. It also assists recover skin conditions like eczema (more of which we will talk about later), periodontitis, several sclerosis, and alzheimer’s disease. The anti-inflammatory impacts of this oil have been supported by a number of other research studies as well. Another research study speaks about how borage oil can be particularly valuable for rheumatoid arthritis.

The gla in the oil likewise has anti-mutagenic properties and may help battle cancer as well.

Help weight-loss

Gla, being an essential fat, can typically result in a general improvement in health– and this consists of healthy weight reduction as well. Gla also assists your body to hold on to protein and slows down the absorption of carbohydrates. The acid likewise transports the fat-soluble vitamins to the blood stream. And because gla is a great fat, it prevents eating way too much and cuts down fat yearnings too. Basically, gla helps in reducing fat build-up in the body.

And more interestingly, gla causes the accumulation of brown fat and cuts down white fat. Research has actually shown that leaner people tend to have more brown fat. Brown fat acts more like a muscle.

In fact, one american study talks about how gla can help in reducing weight gain in formerly overweight humans.

Assists treat acne and associated conditions

The gla in borage seed oil helps fight inflammation, and this can play a crucial function in treating acne. Herbal practitioners often recommend that the oil be taken orally or used topically for this function.

These anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties of the oil likewise help deal with conditions like rosacea. The oil likewise minimizes skin reddening connected with the condition.

One korean study talks about how gamma-linolenic acid, together with omega-3 fatty acids, can help the treatment of acne vulgaris. Some sources say that borage oil can likewise help in the treatment of keratosis pilaris, which is another skin condition that causes rough spots and acne-like bumps on the skin.

Enhances skin health

In addition to treating acne and so forth, borage oil likewise improves skin health in general. It brings back wetness and assists treat dry skin.

Borage seed oil is specifically understood for its capability to deal with eczema and dermatitis. This can be credited to its capability to correct shortages in skin lipids. The science is this– when the skin can not produce adequate of the protective oils, the result occurs to be inflammation and skin flare-ups.

The oil can also assist improve psoriasis. You just have to apply some borage oil to the impacted areas and leave it on overnight. Wash off with cold water in the morning.

Particular sources state borage oil can likewise decrease cellulite– though more research is needed in this regard.

Deals with breathing allergies

Borage seed oil can improve the performance of the lungs, more so in people with swollen respiratory disorders, including severe respiratory distress syndrome (ards). The oil aids the treatment of cough, cold, and influenza.

It is also often used to treat bronchitis. And based on other studies, borage oil can be helpful in the treatment of other allergic diseases as well. This includes asthma too.

Might be advantageous during pregnancy

Though some sources cite the benefits of borage oil during pregnancy, there is research that states otherwise. We recommend you contact your physician prior to taking borage oil during pregnancy.

Borage oil has also been utilized for dealing with cradle cap, which is a rash starting on an infant’s scalp that may later on turn into eczema (not essential, though). Nevertheless, there is limited research study on this. Specific sources also state that borage oil might induce labor– but we don’t know how far this holds true. Hence, please speak with your medical professional before utilizing the oil for this purpose.

Reduces menopause signs

According to reports released by cleveland center, the anti-inflammatory properties of borage oil can reduce the signs related to menopause and premenstrual syndrome– such as state of mind swings, breast tenderness, and hot flashes. It likewise can help alleviate night sweats.

However, we require more research study in this aspect.

Assists treatment hangover

It is necessary to know that hangover signs take place due to inflammation caused by inflammatory prostaglandins– and like we already saw, the gla in borage seed oil prevents the production of inflammatory prostaglandins and increases that of anti-inflammatory prostaglandins. For this reason, the hangover signs are considerably cured the next day.

In fact, one supplement including borage oil as one of the important ingredients was found to cure hangovers in 88% of the participants in a research study.

Enhances hair health

Borage oil is popular for treating a condition known as folliculitis– where the hair roots get harmed and inflamed as a result of infection. This can often cause severe hair fall. Rubbing borage oil into the scalp can help, thanks to its anti-inflammatory homes.

Also, the omega-6 fatty acids in borage oil positively affect hair development. And not just that, the oil might also help treat dandruff.

Might promote breast growth

The gla in borage seed oil is known to transform testosterone into estrogen– and this may promote breast enhancement. The oil is likewise said to contain phytoestrogens that might increase milk supply.

Nevertheless, this details has been gathered from specific sources whose dependability is under concern. Also, we require more research to corroborate this. Please consult your medical professional before using borage seed oil for this purpose.

Can help fight anxiety

Borage is frequently brewed as tea to eliminate anxiety (the flowers are steeped in hot water, and the liquid is consumed). The oil is likewise associated with the treatment of other state of mind conditions like ocd and panic attack. Borage oil, as gone over, includes a higher percentage of gla, and this relieves the nerve system.

But do make sure with the ingestion of herbs for dealing with nervous system problems– as one research study connects the consumption of borage oil with a case of epilepsy. Thus, consult your doctor.

Though research is limited, some sources state that borage oil helps treat adrenal tiredness as well.

Deals with dry eyes

Anecdotal evidence has actually shown that borage oil can help deal with dry eyes. You can use half a teaspoon of borage oil every day for this purpose.

Some research studies have actually shown that the gla in borage seed oil can assist treat the signs of dry eyes.

Can deal with ovarian cysts

With high amounts of omega-6 fatty acids, borage oil can help in reducing testosterone levels in women. Borage oil can help ease uncomfortable periods. It might also help deal with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

You have seen the benefits. However borage seed oil has some side effects that you require to remember. [9]

Borage oil: two kinds of applications

Borage oil can be utilized in many methods according to your requirements in regards to charm however likewise health. Certainly, borage oil has lots of benefits on the body! It has been utilized for more than thirty years in france orally and on the skin.

Externally: borage oil is used locally on the skin, hair and nails. However, this oil is typically reproached for having an undesirable odor. It is in reality the smell of the seeds, when they are terribly maintained, damp or when there is an existence of pests and termites.

To soften the odor, it is possible to add a few drops of happily scented vital oils. Nevertheless, you need to not encounter this odor issue with daniel rouillard’s borage oil, because it is kept in a cold room, hence keeping the great smell of borage seeds, slightly herbaceous.

Internally: in the form of capsules: borage oil can be consumed as a dietary supplement in order to act in depth on an issue. It can likewise be proposed in association with evening primrose oil, with a complementary profile. Discover daniel rouillard’s virgin borage oil, whose virtues are maintained in the long term thanks to its usage in pills directly after the first cold pressing. The oil is likewise secured from oxidation. [10]

What can’t borage oil do?

It probably will not help with weight management: dr. Shah provides this a big thumbs down. Some people go as far to state that borage oil will assist your body eliminate fat. One (very little) study back in 2007 concluded that taking high amounts of gla after major weight-loss might help reduce the threat of the weight restore that so frequently takes place. This is far from conclusive, and, sorry, not likely to be any sort of magic bullet.

It likely will not help with eczema: because of the anti-inflammatory properties of gla, some have actually suggested that borage oil could be good for eczema, an inflammatory skin problem where the skin overproduces cells, producing dry patches of skin. Nevertheless, it has yet to pan out irl: a 2013 evaluation, which evaluated eight research studies that tested borage oil on this skin condition discovered that it had no meaningful effect on symptoms.

Do not anticipate it to ease cramps: borage oil is stated to hinder prostaglandins, hormonal agents that are connected with uncomfortable menstrual cramps. Nevertheless, there is extremely little research study out there to validate these anecdotal accounts. If you’re burdened cramps monthly and are desperately trying to find a fix, it’s time to talk with your gynecologist before popping a supplement. Terrible cramps can be a sign of underlying issues, like uterine fibroids, that your medical professional might want to dismiss. And if you’re trying to find a research-backed remedy for cramps, understand that light physical exercise may assist you discover relief. [11]

Babies and borage oil

One of the more effective presentations of the advantages to the skin of topically used borage oil is a clinical research study done on 48 babies experiencing extreme infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common condition in infants known as “cradle cap”. This condition is characterized by dry scales and crusts on the.

Scalp, eyelids, face, underarms, breast, and groin. The babies were treated twice daily with topically applied borage oil and the condition cleared within 2 weeks. Not just was there an enhancement in the areas where the borage oil was directly used however also in the areas where it was not. This outcome showed that the borage oil was effectively soaked up through the skin and became available throughout the body as a source of gamma linolenic acid for the biosynthesis of prostaglandin. If the treatment was stopped the symptoms returned within 1 week. Nevertheless, if the treatment was maintained until the infants became 7 months old and then stopped, there was no relapse.

The authors hypothesized that these infants were born with an immature d6d enzyme system and were not able to produce sufficient gamma linolenic acid by themselves, hence generating the symptoms of “cradle cap.” the borage oil treatment corrected the symptoms by providing gla up until the infant’s own enzyme system caught up. [12]

How to utilize borage seed oil?

If you want an oral dose of borage oil, it’s readily available in pill supplements or as liquids that can be added to salads, dips, soups and healthy smoothies.

In skin care, you’ll often find it offered as a pure oil– for use on the face, body and hair– or along with other ingredients as part of a serum, face oil blend, moisturizer or perhaps within a nourishing cleanser.

When and how frequently should borage seed oil be utilized?

There are no guidelines for when to utilize borage seed oil. If you’re taking it orally as a supplement, a lot of consist of in between 1000mg and 1500mg and are to be taken once a day.

In skincare, you can utilize it both morning and night although, just like all oils, you might find you prefer to pop it on before bed to prevent hindering your cosmetics.

It works well as the final ‘sealing’ step in your night routine, locking in all the goodness from your other skincare products. [13]

Side-effects of borage seed oil

As it is a natural supplement, topical application of this oil is thought about to be safe. However you should consult your medical professional if you want to take it in pill kind. Preventative measures should be taken prior to consumption of these capsules.

Pregnant ladies should not take borage oil as it may cause labour. Borage oil has blood thinning properties. Avoid this oil if you are taking medications like aspirin or warfarin. You need to also discontinue taking starflower oil capsule prior to any surgery. And, be cautious if you have any bleeding disorder or if you bruise easily. It might lengthen your bleeding time. If you are prone to seizures, consult your doctor prior to taking this oil orally.

There is much argument about the harmful effects of this oil on our liver. This is due to the existence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids. People taking borage seed oil orally might likewise in some cases experience digestive problems like soft stool, diarrhoea, gas and bloating. [14]

How to use (dosage)

The proper dose of bo depends on your medical history and what you’re using it for. It’s offered nonprescription in drug stores, online and in organic food shops.

For the most part, for usually healthy adults the normal dosage of bo is usually 500 milligrams to 3,000 milligrams taken once or twice daily.

For patients wishing to relieve swelling and pain triggered by conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, a higher dose up to three grams is generally most reliable. One research study found that a combination of 1.8 grams bo and 2 grams of fish oil per day helped in reducing rheumatoid discomfort.

For anybody brand-new to bo, a lower dosage of around 500 milligrams is a great location to begin.

Topical bo products are likewise readily available and work best when applied to the skin to help improve healing. Read directions for topical applications because products differ.

It’s suggested that you mix bo with a provider oil prior to applying to your skin. Try blending about 12 drops per one ounce of almond, jojoba or olive oil, and after that apply two times daily while monitoring your reaction.

When purchasing bo, constantly try to find a high-quality brand name that is ideally certified organic. Some brands ensure optimal potency and are checked and confirmed by a third party.

It’s likewise a great concept to buy capsules that are packaged in light-resistant containers and to save borage oil somewhere dark and cool, because the oil can become rancid when heated up and exposed to uv light.

It can also help absorption and healthy immune function if you consume lots of vitamin c, zinc and magnesium, all of which support your body’s capability to keep healthy skin, heart health and more. [15]

Interactions

Medications that increase the breakdown of other medications by the liver (cytochrome p450 3a4 (cyp3a4) inducers) interaction rating:.

Moderate beware with this mix. Talk with your health service provider.

Borage is broken down by the liver. Some chemicals that form when the liver breaks down borage seed oil can be hazardous. Medications that trigger the liver to break down borage seed oil may boost the poisonous impacts of chemicals consisted of in borage seed oil.

A few of these medicines consist of carbamazepine (tegretol), phenobarbital, phenytoin (dilantin), rifampin, rifabutin (mycobutin), and others.

Medications that slow blood clotting (anticoagulant/ antiplatelet drugs) interaction ranking: moderate beware with this combination. Talk with your health provider.

Borage seed oil may slow blood clot in some individuals. Borage seed oil contains gla (gamma linolenic acid). Gla is the part of borage seed oil that may slow blood clot. Taking borage seed oil in addition to medications that likewise slow clotting may increase the possibilities of bruising and bleeding.

Some medications that slow blood clotting consist of aspirin, clopidogrel (plavix), diclofenac (voltaren, cataflam, others), ibuprofen (advil, motrin, others), naproxen (anaprox, naprosyn, others), dalteparin (fragmin), enoxaparin (lovenox), heparin, warfarin (coumadin), and others.

Medications utilized during surgery (anesthesia) interaction score:.

Moderate beware with this mix. Talk with your health company.

Borage seed oil might interact with medications utilized throughout surgical treatment. Be sure to inform your doctor what natural items you are taking previously having surgery. To be on the safe side, you should stop taking borage seed oil at least two weeks before surgical treatment.

Nsaids (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) interaction rating:.

Minor be cautious with this mix. Talk with your health supplier.

Nsaids are anti-inflammatory medications used to decrease pain and swelling. Borage seed oil is also utilized as an anti-inflammatory medication. Often nsaids and borage seed oil are used together for.

Rheumatoid arthritis. However, borage seed oil appears to work in a various way than nsaids. Some scientists think that taking nsaids along with borage seed oil may decrease the efficiency of borage seed oil. But it is prematurely to know if this holds true.

Some nsaids include ibuprofen (advil, motrin, nuprin, others), indomethacin (indocin), naproxen (aleve, anaprox, naprelan, naprosyn), piroxicam (feldene), aspirin, and others. [16]

Precautions

Borage oil can hinder the blood’s ability to clot, so it must be prevented by people on blood-thinning drugs and those with plans to go through surgical treatment. Individuals with immune conditions and those with epilepsy should also avoid the supplement, as it might reduce the body immune system and prompt seizures. Borage plants contain unsaturated pyrrolizidine alkaloids, plant chemicals that can damage the liver and might be carcinogenic in large doses, so supplement takers need to search for products that are labeled upa-free. The supplement can cause nausea and bloating. [17]

Conclusion

Borage oil, or borage seed oil, is a rich source of gamma-linolenic acid (gla) that is acquired from the seeds of the borago officinalis (borage). Borage oil is used as an organic treatment of skin conditions including eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, and neurodermatitis in addition to other inflammatory, cardiovascular and endocrine disorders, although its medical efficacy and long-lasting results are not completely illuminated yet. Gla, which accounts for approximately 24% of the oil, is converted to dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (dgla) which acts as a precursor to anti-inflammatory arbitrators such as 1-series prostaglandins and the 3-series leukotrienes. Borage oil might be discovered in foods or in skin care products. [18]

Recommendations

  1. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/borage_seed_oil
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-596/borage
  3. Https://www.newdirectionsaromatics.com/blog/products/borage-carrier-oil-benefits-and-uses.html
  4. Https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/herbs/borage/borage-herb.htm
  5. Http://www.gcmachines.com/borage-seed-oil-extraction.html
  6. Https://www.versusarthritis.org/about-arthritis/complementary-and-alternative-treatments/types-of-complementary-treatments/borage-seed-oil/
  7. Https://www.healthbenefitstimes.com/borage/
  8. Https://www.healthline.com/health/borage-oil#types
  9. Https://www.stylecraze.com/articles/benefits-of-borage-for-skin-hair-and-health/
  10. Https://www.lesybarite.fr/en/blogs/complements-alimentaires/huile-de-bourrache-les-bienfaits-pour-la-peau-et-les-cheveux
  11. Https://www.wellandgood.com/borage-oil-benefits/
  12. Https://shikai.com/blogs/news/borage-oil-a-little-known-secret-for-maintaining-healthy-skin
  13. Https://www.stylist.co.uk/beauty/borage-seed-oil-skincare-uses-benefits-dry-skin-products/254923
  14. Https://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/use-borage-seed-oil-to-fight-off-cancer-and-even-the-common-cold-677290/
  15. Https://draxe.com/nutrition/borage-oil/#how_to_use_dosage
  16. Https://www.rxlist.com/borage/supplements.htm
  17. Https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2003-dec-22-he-supp22-story.html
  18. Https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/db11238
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