Dragon fruit

35 mins read

Dragon fruit is a large usually oval to oval fruit of any of several set up, stretching, or vining cacti (as of the genera selenicereus, hylocereus, or sternocereus) that has leatherlike skin with popular flaky spikes and juicy flesh.

The fruit of a widely cultivated cactus (hylocereus undatus) of mexico and main america that generally has intense pink or red skin and white or in some cases red, mildly sweet flesh with many small black seeds

Unexpectedly, dragon fruit– also known as pitaya or pitahaya– is appearing in teas, thirst quenchers and even vodka. However its appeal may have as much to do with is distinct looks as its flavor. [1]

Introduction

Dragon fruit is the fruit of a kind of cactus that grows in dry locations of south america. Normally the skin of the dragon fruit is red and the pulp is red or white. Dragon fruit is sometimes utilized as medication. The fruit is likewise popular as a food.

Dragon fruit is utilized for diabetes, prediabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity, and numerous other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.

Dragon fruit can be consumed raw or made into wine, juice, spreads, or desserts. The flowers are in some cases consumed as a veggie or made into a tea.

In manufacturing, the peel of the fruit is utilized as food coloring and as a thickener. [2]

History

Dragon fruit originates in main and south america. We call this interesting plant a fruit,.

But it is in fact a cactus. Dragon fruit is grown in asia, mexico, main america, south.

America, and israel today.

Its textured, flaky skin can be found in pink or yellow, while its flesh might be red or white with.

Scattered, tiny, black seeds. The flesh ought to be scooped out of the skin- it is easiest to do.

With a spoon. It has a crispy texture and sweet taste, like a kiwi or a pear. The red flesh.

Of the dragon fruit contains lycopene, which has actually been associated with lower cancer and.

Cardiovascular disease danger. The skin should not be consumed. [3]

Growing

After a thorough cleansing of the seeds from the pulp of the fruit, the seeds might be saved when dried. The ideal fruit is unblemished and overripe.

Seeds grow well in a compost or potting soil mix– even as a potted indoor plant. Pitaya cacti usually sprout after between 11 and 2 week after shallow planting. As they are cacti, overwatering is an issue for house growers. As their growth continues, these climbing plants will find something to climb on, which can involve putting aerial roots down from the branches in addition to the basal roots. As soon as the plant reaches a fully grown 4.5 kilograms (10 pounds) in weight, the plant might flower.

Commercial plantings can be done at high density with between 1,100 and 1,350 per hectare (445 and 546/acre). Plants can take up to 60 months/260 weeks to come into full business production, at which stage yields of 20 to 30 metric tons (22 to 33 brief lots) can be anticipated.

Pitaya flowers flower over night and generally wilt by the night. They rely on nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for fertilization. Self-fertilization will not produce fruit in some species, and while cross-breeding has actually led to several “self-fertile” varieties, cross-pollinating with a second, genetically distinct plant of the same species generally increases fruit set and quality. This limits the capability of home growers to produce the fruit. However, the plants can flower between 3 and 6 times in a year depending upon growing conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem is broken off, it may take root in soil and become its own plant.

The plants can withstand temperature levels up to 40 ° c (104 ° f) and extremely short durations of frost, but will not survive long exposure to freezing temperature levels. The cacti grow most in usda zones 10– 11, however might endure outdoors in zone 9a or 9b.

Selenicereus has actually adjusted to reside in dry tropical climates with a moderate amount of rain. In various areas, it has actually left growing to end up being a weed and is categorized as an intrusive weed in some nations.

Pests and diseases

Stems and fruits are vulnerable to several diseases triggered by fungi, bacteria, a nematode, and an infection. Overwatering or excessive rainfall can cause the flowers to drop and fruit to rot. The germs xanthomonas campestris causes the stems to rot. Dothiorella fungi can trigger brown spots on the fruit. Other fungi understood to contaminate pitaya include botryosphaeria dothidea, colletotrichum gloeosporioides and bipolaris cactivora. [4]

Various kinds of dragon fruit

Mom of dragons

Dragon fruit– also referred to as pitaya, or hylocereus for the more latin-minded– is no stranger to charm. The fruit in fact begins its life as a flower, flowering on a cactus range native to central america.

When totally established, it’s the stand-out star of any fruit and vegetables area thanks to its complex leathery scales that ombre from hot pink to green. However pitaya is no one-look pony: the fashionable fruit in fact can be found in several varieties, sporting different tastes and tones of skin and flesh.

And like lots of supermodels that have come before it, dragon fruit has been indelibly linked to the music scene, with many of its most vibrant cultivars taking their names straight from the rock n roll world.

White dragon fruit

With its lively pink skin and white flesh– found with yummy black seeds– white dragon fruit is the most typically grown kind of pitaya. A few of its more popular cultivars include:.

David bowie: speak about the thin, white duke. This variety of white dragon fruit is slimmer than most others, and known for a tangier, lemon-like taste.

Vietnamese jaina: one of the world’s most popular ranges, thanks in no little part to the stark brightness of its fruit. The color-blocking of this varietal is genuinely instagram-worthy.

L.a. Lady: a rarely-grown range that some specialists say leaves a bad taste in your mouth. No relation to how the doors song of the exact same name might make you feel.

Seoul cooking area: a spin on another doors song title, this variety of white dragon fruit is a bit rounder fit, with smoother and sweeter flesh than its los angeles cousin.

Lake atitlan: called for the volcano-ringed lake in guatemala, this exotic-sounding range of dragon fruit is typically on the larger– and tangier– side.

Neitzel: a california native, this varietal is sweet and specifically tasty when cooled.

Alice: called for a rock star of the fruit growing world, alice snow, this eponymous type of dragon fruit is less sweet than other ranges, however rocks ultra-bright pink skin.

Guyute: in the phish tune of the exact same name, guyute was an unsightly pig. Worldwide of exotic plants, it’s an especially sweet range of white dragon fruit.

Harpua: dragon fruit growers need to actually like phish. This varietal– called for a song with a particularly yummy jam– rocks a semisweet white pulp that tastes a bit like melon.

Thompson: one of the biggest varieties of white dragon fruit, this cultivar can weigh up to 1.5 pounds.

Red dragon fruit

Red dragon fruit has the very same gorgeous pink skin as its white loved ones, but a burst of red flesh on the inside.

Red jaina: with an especially deep-red pulp, this range is particularly juicy– making it a best compliment to a good blender.

Zamorano: named for the university in honduras where it was first developed, this red dragon fruit range is medium-sized with a mild, sweet flavor.

Costa rican sundown: as unique as its name requires, this is a particularly unique range of dragon fruit, thanks to its sluggish growing vine.

Natural mystic: did you believe we were done name-checking songs? Reconsider. This red dragon fruit, called for the bob marley tune, is truly wonderful, landing on the larger and sweeter side of things.

Pink dragon fruit

Technically, these are all types of red dragon fruit, but on the inside, they look anything from soft rose to hot pink.

Makisupa: a beautiful magenta flesh partners with a sweet-and-sour taste in this red-but-more-like pink dragon fruit range.

American beauty: aptly called after both the seminal grateful dead album and its genuinely astonishing pink pulp, this varietal is also known for its sensational sweet flavor.

Pleasure: on the larger side with a smooth texture, sweet taste, and beautiful soft pink flesh, this pink dragon fruit is truly deserving of its name.

Dark star: a long and skinny shape with a moderate grape-y taste and the bearer of yet another grateful dead tune name.

Cosmic charlie: completing the deadhead crowd is this magenta-fleshed varietal, with a really celestial taste of grape and kiwi.

Purple haze: diverting into the more difficult side of rock, this jimi hendrix name is one of the greatest types of dragon fruit, with a lively pink color, fairly couple of seeds, and grape-like taste.

Voodoo kid: worthwhile of its witchy name (which takes place to also be– you guessed it!– a jimi hendrix tune) this pink dragon fruit is small however mighty, packing a sweet grape-y taste into a dark pink fruit no larger than an egg.

Yellow dragon fruit

This kind of dragon fruit does not mind sticking out from the crowd, with a monotone yellow outside that sports a far various scale pattern.

There’s only one yellow dragon fruit range, however it’s extensively thought to be the tastiest of all, with its firm white flesh packaging a lot of sweet taste.

Sour dragon fruit

Something of a specialized, this kind of dragon fruit is called stenocereus and is found mostly in south and central america, especially in more deserts. It might lean more sour than sweet, but it yields more juice than many other varieties, and has actually long been a dietary staple of native individuals.

But no matter which look or taste it’s rocking, a dragon fruit constantly intends to please. [5]

Dragon fruit nutrition realities

The following nutrition information is supplied by the usda for one 6-ounce (170g) serving of cubed dragon fruit.

  • Calories: 102
  • Fat: 0g
  • Sodium: 0mg
  • Carbohydrates: 22g
  • Fiber: 5g
  • Sugars: 13g
  • Protein: 2g

Carbs

Dragon fruit is a naturally low-calorie food, with the majority of the calories originating from carbohydrate. There are 2 types of carbohydrate in dragon fruit: naturally occurring sugars (13g per 6-ounce serving) and fiber. You’ll get 5 grams of fiber– or about 18% of your recommended day-to-day intake– in a 6-ounce serving.

The exact glycemic index (gi) of dragon fruit has not been recorded, although one study estimates the glycemic index to be comparable to that of a banana– or about 48 to 52.

as a referral, foods with a gi of 55 or more are thought about high glycemic foods.

Fat

There is a very percentage of fat in dragon fruit. The edible seeds include omega-3 fats, omega 6-fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fat which are all healthy fats.3.

Protein

Dragon fruit supplies a percentage of protein, about 2 grams per serving.

Vitamins and minerals

Dragon fruit provides vitamin c and riboflavin, together with about 17% of your everyday recommended intake of magnesium– a mineral that is accountable for helping in hundreds of biochemical reactions in the body. Dragon fruit also includes iron, niacin, and calcium. [6]

Health benefits of dragon fruit

An intriguing truth about this fruit is that the chinese claim that it originated from the fire of a dragon throughout fight. Weakening the myth surrounding this fruit, there is something that makes it very healthy for us. Here is a list of 10 health benefits of consuming dragon fruit.

Decreases risk of diabetes

This fruit contains high quantities of fiber that preserves blood glucose levels and avoids spikes amongst people suffering from diabetes. Routine consumption of this fruit can assist balance blood glucose levels and prevent additional medical consequences among diabetics.

Reduces threats of cancer

This fruit contains anti-cancer properties that can reduce the dangers of colon cancer. Its high source of vitamin c plays a crucial function in boosting the body immune system. vitamin c is an effective anti-oxidant that prevents you from contracting chronic diseases such as diabetes, alzheimer’s parkinson’s, cancer, etc.

Helps boost resistance

This fruit includes high levels of vitamin c that boosts immunity and helps you stay healthy. More vitamin c implies that your body is capable of fighting deadly infections that you might be prone to. All you require to do is to consume 1 cup (200 grams) of this fruit every day and remain healthy.

Good for food digestion

This fruit has an abundant source of oligosaccharides (a carbohydrate) that assists in the growth of excellent germs like plants, which assists in smooth food digestion. It is loaded with high fiber that likewise assists in gastrointestinal health, helps in reducing the threat of cancer and heart diseases.

Good for heart

Dragon fruit with red colored pulp includes betalains (produces red color inside the fruit) that decreases bad cholesterol (ldl cholesterol). The small dark black seeds inside the fruit are rich in omega-3 and omega-9 fats that benefit the heart and lower the risks of cardiovascular diseases.

Fights ageing skin

Faster ageing can be caused due to stress, contamination and other factors such as poor diet etc. However, it’s an abundant source of anti-oxidants that can treat sunburn, dry skin and acne. Its content of vitamin c can assist in brighter skin. You can prepare dragon fruit juice and drink it once a day for glowing skin.

Good for hair

Need thick, black and glossy hair? Attempt dragon fruit powder combined with a glass of milk (250ml) as soon as every day and this will do you excellent. The high source of nutrients discovered in this fruit extract powder reduces hair damage caused by synthetic hair coloring and improves hair texture, thus, leaving it soft and shiny. All you need to do so is to consume this once a day and you will witness changes.

Healthy bones

Excellent bone health can add to many factors such as avoiding injuries, joint pain and so forth. This incredibly fruit consists of 18% magnesium and aid in stronger bones and great bone health. All you need to do is consume one glass of dragon fruit healthy smoothie every day.

Great for eyes

This fruit consists of beta-carotene (the pigment that gives the fruit its color) prevents eye problems such as cataracts and macular degeneration. One cup (220 grams) of dragon fruit every day would do you good.

Great during pregnancy

This fruit contains vitamin b, folate and iron that making it an ideal fruit for pregnant mothers. B vitamins and folate avoids birth defects and increases energy during pregnancy. Its calcium content is accountable for the bone development of the fetus. Its material of magnesium helps fight postmenopausal complications in females. [7]

Further more

Might help battle chronic illness

Free radicals are unsteady particles that trigger cell damage, which might result in inflammation and illness.

One method to fight this is by consuming antioxidant-rich foods like dragon fruit.

Antioxidants work by neutralizing totally free radicals, thus avoiding cell damage and inflammation.

Studies recommend that diets high in anti-oxidants might assist prevent chronic illness such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis.

Dragon fruit consists of numerous types of potent antioxidants, consisting of:.

vitamin c: observational studies have found connections in between vitamin c intake and cancer danger. For example, a study in 120,852 people associated higher consumptions of vitamin c with lower rates of head and neck cancer.

Betalains: test-tube research studies suggest betalains can combat oxidative tension and may have the ability to suppress cancer cells.

Carotenoids: beta-carotene and lycopene are the plant pigments that give dragon fruit its dynamic color. Diet plans rich in carotenoids have been linked to a reduced threat of cancer and cardiovascular disease.

Importantly, antioxidants work best when consumed naturally in food, instead of in tablet kind or as a supplement. In fact, antioxidant supplements might have harmful impacts, and taking them without medical supervision is not advised.

On the other hand, dragon fruit is highly recommended.

Summary

Dragon fruit includes the antioxidants vitamin c, beta-carotene, lycopene and betalain. Studies have actually linked diets high in antioxidants to a decreased threat of chronic disease.

May improve low iron levels

Dragon fruit is among the few fresh fruits that contain iron.

iron plays a vital role in transporting oxygen throughout your body. It likewise plays a crucial function in breaking down food into energy.

Regrettably, many people do not get enough iron. In fact, it has actually been approximated that 30% of the world’s population is deficient in iron, making it the most common nutrient shortage worldwide.

To fight low iron levels, it is very important to consume a range of iron-rich foods. Rich sources of iron consist of meats, fish, legumes, nuts and cereals.

Dragon fruit might be another fantastic option, as one serving includes 8% of your recommended daily intake (rdi). It also consists of vitamin c, which helps your body soak up iron.

Summary

Dragon fruit provides iron along with vitamin c, a combination that might improve your body’s absorption of this important mineral. [8]

How to cut and consume dragon fruit

If you can’t discover dragon fruit in your regional supermarket, you may have better luck in a specialty grocery store or asian market.

To pick one out, ilic suggests trusting your gut. “follow your fruit know-how,” she states. “it needs to be somewhat soft when you’re checking it with your finger. If it’s extremely firm, you can still bring it home and leave it on your counter to ripen.”

Peel and cut it into sections when you’re ready to consume it. Just like an avocado, you consume the flesh and dispose of the skin. You could also cut it in half and dig the flesh with a spoon or melon baller.

Dragon fruit is best consumed raw, however you can throw it on the grill like some other fruits. Enjoy it by itself or add it to:

  • Fish, specifically cod, tuna and mahimahi.

” as soon as you sufficed up, wrap it securely and put it in your refrigerator,” says Olchi. “when your dragon fruit starts to get mushy and brown, throw it away.” [9]

Dragon fruit smoothie components

Whiz up a mixer of this dragon fruit smoothie dish and you will not believe the dazzling color! It’s difficult to avert from the wonderfully brilliant color. Dragon fruit is popular as a smoothie bowl (like an acai bowl with lots of toppings), however we like it best as a straight-up shake. More on that below! Here are the active ingredients you’ll need for this smoothie recipe:.

Frozen dragon fruit puree: it’s most convenient to discover dragon fruit for smoothies in the frozen section at your supermarket. See more listed below!

Banana: all you require is a room temperature level banana: no need to freeze!

Frozen pineapple and mango: it’s simple to find frozen pineapple and mango at your local grocery: and this helps to boost the icy texture and sweet tart taste!

Lime juice (optional): lime juice assists draw out the fruity flavor: however it’s optional if you don’t have lime on hand. [10]

Healthy dragon fruit waldorf salad

Components

  • 1 large, ripe dragon fruit
  • 1/3 cup 2-percent greek yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons mayo
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly grated ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 little granny smith apple, cored and cut into 1/2-inch pieces
  • 1/2 cup red seedless grapes, cut in half
  • 1/2 cup fresh cilantro leaves, chopped
  • 1/3 cup cashews, approximately chopped
  • 4 leaves bibb or iceberg lettuce

Instructions

  1. Quarter the dragon fruit lengthwise. Work your finger under the skin, pull it back and peel it away in 1 piece. Cut each quarter into 1/4-inch-thick triangles.
  2. Blend together the yogurt, mayonnaise, lemon juice, honey, ginger and salt in a big bowl. Add the apples, grapes, 3/4 of the dragon fruit pieces and 3/4 of both the cilantro and the cashews. Toss to combine, and refrigerate up until chilled, about 1 hour.
  3. Put a lettuce leaf in each of 4 small bowls, and leading each with a scoop of salad. Garnish with the remaining dragon fruit, cilantro and cashews.

Cook’s note

To figure out the ripeness of dragon fruit, provide it a gentle squeeze-it should have a slight offer, like a ripe avocado. [11]

Side effect of dragon fruit

Stomach problems:

Eating dragon fruit on a routine and affordable basis is actually beneficial to our stomach and assists to keep our digestive system in good shape. The nutritional fibers found in dragon fruit function as a natural diuretic, which implies they help us defecate more regularly and guarantee a smooth exit of stool from our bodies.

Despite the fact that dietary fibers are beneficial to our gastrointestinal health and offer numerous advantages, dragon fruit must be consumed in moderation. This is because extreme dietary fiber intake has been linked to health issues such as insufficient nutrition absorption by the intestinal tracts, digestive tract gas, intestinal tract blockage, stomach discomfort, and flatulence, to name a few.

Pee with a reddish color

Red dragon fruit can cause your pee to become pink or red if you take in enough of it. This sign appears to be much more severe than it is. If you consume a lot of beets, something comparable can take place. When the fruit is no longer in your system, your urine must return to its normal color.

Antioxidants in excess are damaging

Dragon fruit is high in antioxidants such as vitamin c and other antioxidant elements such as phytonutrients, polyphenols, and carotenoids, among others, which have a range of health advantages.

However, extreme dragon fruit-eating can result in an overabundance of anti-oxidants, such as beta-carotene, which can add to lung cancer. A higher vitamin e usage also raises the threat of hemorrhagic stroke.

Allergies

This fruit has a range of health and cosmetic benefits that may be obtained merely by including it in one’s diet. However, not everybody can make use of these benefits in the same way. This is due to the reality that specific individuals dislike dragon fruit and ought to prevent it as much as possible. It makes no sense to consume dragon fruit if you are sensitive to it since it might cause allergies such as inflamed lips and tongue, scratchy throat, burning sensation in the throat, and so on.

Hypotension

While dragon fruit is understood to aid with hypertension and high blood pressure, consuming too much of the fruit can produce an increase in potassium in the system, which can cause hypotension. Hypotension takes place when blood pressure falls listed below regular levels, causing symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, exhaustion, depression, and loss of awareness. If you have previously been detected with hypotension, you ought to avoid using this supplement. [12]

Preventative measures to take while feeding dragon fruit to babies

Feeding dragon fruit in age-appropriate ways with standard precautions can guarantee your baby enjoys its benefits with minimal concerns. Here are some preventative measures to comply with when feeding dragon fruit to infants.

  • Present peeled dragon fruit pulp in smooth, lump-free puree or mash form to your child. As the baby develops the fruit’s taste and digestibility, feed dragon fruit to your infant in different ways.
  • Present a teaspoon or two of the fruit’s puree or mash in a meal. Depending upon the infant’s tolerance, gradually increase the amount to a tablespoon or 2.
  • Follow a “3 to five-day wait” guideline to eliminate the possibility of food allergy or intolerance.
  • If the child seems unpleasant after ingesting the fruit, cease feeding for the time being. Reintroduce the fruit in the diet plan after 2 to 3 days. If the issue continues, seek advice from a pediatrician.
  • Allergy to dragon fruit is rare but possible. Allergic reactions, such as itching of the mouth, urticaria, and vomiting, might appear right away or a couple of minutes after touching or consuming the fruit.
  • If your baby has a family history of food allergies or oral allergic reaction syndrome, particularly with kiwi, then consult your doctor before presenting dragon fruit to your child.
  • Prevent over-feeding dragon fruit to children and toddlers to avoid gastrointestinal concerns, such as bloating and diarrhea, which may happen in delicate babies. Likewise, overindulging dragon fruit can quickly fill the baby’s belly, making them skip the next meal.
  • Offer bite-sized, graspable chunks of dragon fruit to infants as finger foods. As the children grow, serve thin dragon fruit pieces or wedges to young children. [13]

Conclusion

The red dragon fruit peel powder has potential in decreasing overall cholesterol, trigliserida, and LDL-c.

and Increasing HDL-c levels. Red dragon fruit peel powders can be taken in as a supplement in.

foods that are expected to preserve a healthy body and avoid hyperlipidemia. [14]

References

  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dragon%20fruit
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1580/dragon-fruit
  3. Https://dpi.wi.gov/sites/default/files/imce/school-nutrition/pdf/fact-sheet-dragon-fruit.pdf
  4. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pitaya#cultivation
  5. Https://fruitstand.com/blogs/stories/different-types-of-dragon-fruit
  6. Https://www.verywellfit.com/dragon-fruit-calories-carbs-nutrition-facts-4172559
  7. Https://pharmeasy.in/blog/10-health-benefits-and-recipes-of-dragon-fruit-pitaya/
  8. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dragon-fruit-benefits#toc_title_hdr_7
  9. Https://health.clevelandclinic.org/get-to-know-the-incredible-edible-dragon-fruit/
  10. Https://www.acouplecooks.com/dragon-fruit-smoothie/
  11. Https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/food-network-kitchen/healthy-dragon-fruit-waldorf-salad-3364401
  12. Https://krishijagran.com/health-lifestyle/beware-of-these-side-effects-of-dragon-fruit/
  13. Https://www.momjunction.com/articles/dragon-fruit-for-babies-benefits-recipes_00737451/
  14. Https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012167/pdf
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