Gotu Kola

37 mins read

Centella asiatica, frequently called gotu kola, kodavan, indian pennywort and asiatic pennywort, is an herbaceous, perennial plant in the blooming plant household apiaceae. It is belonging to wetlands in the caucasus, tropical & subtropical old world to brand-new zealand and the west pacific. It is used as a culinary vegetable and as a medical herb. (1 )

Introduction

Gotu kola (centella asiatica) is an herb in the parsley household. It has a long history of use in the standard chinese and ayurvedic medicine systems.

Gotu kola contains particular chemicals that seem to reduce swelling and high blood pressure. It also appears to increase collagen production, which might be valuable for wound recovery.

Individuals utilize gotu kola for burns and poor blood circulation that can result in varicose veins. It is also utilized for scars, stretch marks, and lots of other conditions, however there is no good scientific evidence to support the majority of these usages. (2 ).

History

Gotu kola (centella asiatica) has been utilized to treat many conditions for countless years in india, china, and indonesia. It was used to recover wounds, improve mental clearness, and deal with skin conditions such as leprosy and psoriasis.

Some individuals use it to deal with breathing infections, such as colds, and in the past it was used for that in china. It has been called “the fountain of life” because legend has it that an ancient chinese herbalist lived for more than 200 years as a result of taking gotu kola.

Historically, gotu kola has also been utilized to treat syphilis, liver disease, stomach ulcers, psychological fatigue, epilepsy, diarrhea, fever, and asthma. Today, in the u.s. And europe gotu kola is frequently used to deal with varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency, a condition where blood swimming pools in the legs. It is likewise used in lotions to treat psoriasis and assistance recover minor wounds.

Gotu kola is not the same as kola nut (soda nitida). Unlike kola nut, gotu kola does not have caffeine, and is not a stimulant. (3 ).

Description

Gotu kola (centella asiatica) belongs to the apiaceae carrot household. It is likewise called pennywort, marsh cent, water pennywort, and sheep rot. The name sheep rot comes from the incorrect belief in europe that gotu kola caused foot rot in sheep. Gotu kola is often mistaken for the kola nut plant (soda nitida). Nevertheless, the two are not related and gotu kola, unlike the kola nut, includes no caffeine. Gotu kola is kept in mind in india as an extremely powerful spiritual herb, and ayurvedic medication refers to it as brahmi because it helps acquire understanding of the spiritual being.

Gotu kola, a perennial, grows in india, sri lanka, madagascar, south africa, china, indonesia, australia, and the United States and Canada. It can grow like a weed, however its description depends on its area. For example, in shallow water, the leaves float; however in dry areas, the plant establishes many roots and thin, small leaves. The fan-shaped leaves may be smooth or lobed. Red flowers become fruit with a size of about 0.2 in (5 mm).

Gotu kola’s main active components are triterpenoids, although the gotu kola found in india, sri lanka, and madagascar does not have the very same properties. Gotu kola’s triterpenes can have a concentration from 1.1-8%, with the majority of concentrations in the center variety.

Gotu kola from madagascar is used for a lot of standardized extracts, and its four primary triterpene residential or commercial properties are:.

  • Asiatic acid (29-30%)
  • Madecassic acid (29-30%)
  • Asiaticoside (40%)
  • Madecassoside (1-2%)

Gotu kola also contains the following.

  • Unpredictable oil of a terpene acetate (36% of all the unstable oil)
  • Camphor
  • Cineole
  • Glycerides of some fatty acids
  • Plant sterols (campesterol, stigmasterol, sitosterol)
  • Polyacetylene substances
  • Flavonoids (kampferol, quercetin)
  • Myo-inositol (glycoside from the flavonoids)
  • Sugars
  • Vellarin
  • Amino acids
  • Resins (4 )

Clinical research studies

The majority of the scientific research studies on asian ca have been realized with alcoholic or aqueous extracts. The teca extracts (titrated extracts of asian ca and ttfca (triterpenic total portion of asian ca) are mixes of asiatic acid (30%), madecasic acids (30%) and asiaticoside (40%). The ttf extract (triterpenic overall fraction) consists of asian ca and madecasic acids (60%) in a relation not plainly defined yet, in combination with asiatichoside (40%). Both in vivo scientific studies and human monolayer cell culture experiments have concluded that asiatic acid influences collagen synthesis. The selective action of the local application of triterpenoid portion of cae for wound healing and stressed the role of asiaticoside in the increased levels of antioxidants (enzymatic and nonenzymatic), which were likewise indicated for the accelerated wound healing. It is now known that angiogenesis plays a crucial function in injury healing because the recently formed blood vessels help the hypoxic injuries to attain normoxic conditions. Asiaticoside triggered angiogenesis in both in vivo and in vitro models. In cases of vascular injury, apoplexy, acute myocardial infarction, and other peripheral vascular diseases, a greater variety of flowing endothelial cells was spotted. For instance, in one research study, clients with post phlebetic syndrome (pps) revealed a greater number of circulating endothelial cells compared to the typical subjects. Throughout a three-week treatment with ca triterpenic fraction (catf), pps clients who received 90 mg catf daily in three divided does revealed an analytical considerable reduction in distributing endothelial cells, therefore indicating the efficiency of ca in safeguarding the stability of vascular intima. The lower variety of circulating endothelial cells was attributed to the protective effect of catf on vascular intima stability. The extract of ca was evaluated on 94 clients experiencing venous insufficiency of the lower limbs. The clients were divided into 3 groups, each treated with teca (120 mg/day, 60 mg/day or placebo) for two months. An analytical substantial difference in favour of teca groups was observed in the criteria looked for lower limbs and edema; also the overall assessment was revealed favorable for the teca cured groups compared to the placebo. Catf showed to be reliable on microcirculation and capillary permeability. Fifty-two patients with venous high blood pressure (pressure greater than 42 mmhg) were divided into 3 groups, each treated with 60 mg/day, 30 mg/day, or placebo. The extra 10 control topics were treated with 60 mg/day. After four weeks of treatment considerable enhancements were observed in a concentration-dependent manner in the specifications evaluated, such as filtration rate, ankle edema, and ankle area. No significant modifications were observed in placebo and control topics treated with catf. In another double-blind scientific trial including 87 clients with chronic venous hypertensive microangiopathy, 2 dosage forms of catf (30 mg/day and 60 mg/day) were requested 60 days and no undesirable results were observed. The results likewise validated the efficacy of catf in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of the catf on enzymes associated with mucopolysaccharide metabolic process supported the hypothesis that the extract acts upon standard metabolic process in the connective tissues of the vascular wall. The levels of basal serum uronic acid and enzymes associated with mucopolysaccharide metabolic process (beta-glucuronidase, beta-n-acetylglucosaminidase, and arylsulfatase) rose in clients with varicose veins, indicating an increased muco-polysaccharide turnover. After treatment (60 mg/day for three months) the above enzyme levels fell progressively.

A double-blind, placebo-controlled research study was conducted to check the results of an oral standardized ca product in two doses (30 mg bid and 60 mg quote) in 87 patients with persistent venous hypertensive microangiopathy. Microcirculatory parameters were revealed to be enhanced as compared to placebo in dosage dependent way, with the higher dosage enhancing signs more substantially. Another study reported the useful results of an oral standardized ca product (60 mg 3 times a day over a 2month duration) in vascular permeability and microcirculation as assessed by laser doppler flowmetry. The outcomes showed a combined improvement of the microcirculation and capillary permeability in all patients (10 typical subjects, 22 clients with moderate, shallow venous high blood pressure, and 12 clients with postphlebitic limbs and severe venous high blood pressure). Another study in patients with extreme venous hypertension due to deep venous illness reported that a standardized ca extract was acutely reliable in minimizing capillary filtering and edema in individuals with venous hypertensive microangiopath. Ca preparations were discovered helpful in reducing the stretch marks (striae gravidarum) that many females develop during pregnancy. A placebo-controlled study of 100 pregnant women compared application of a cream containing a cae, vitamin e (alpha tocopherol), and collagen-elastin hydrolysates to placebo. Application of the compounded cream was related to less females developing stretch marks than in placebo. Application of topical ca preparations were shown to be advantageous in decreasing the scarring seen during injury recovery, seeming related to the stimulation of maturation of the scar by the production of type i collagen and the resulting decrease in the inflammatory reaction and myofibroblast production. In a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, half-side contrast research study, carried out to determine if it might likewise improve mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis in adults, eighty-eight participants were arbitrarily applied the treatment ointment and the placebo control to either the left or best side of the body for 4 weeks (2 applications each day) after which erythema, edema, exuding, and excoriation were assessed. No significant enhancements were found in the treatment group as compared to the control group; however, further analysis of clients living in cooler environments showed a substantial enhancement in the dealt with areas. Since the ointment included the mix of herbs, it was recommended that further studies utilizing each specific herb and studies utilizing a parallel group style were needed to be performed.

In one current randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study, 28 individuals (< <61 years of age) received either ca extracts (250, 500, or 750 mg day-to-day) or placebo in order to identify the effect of ca on cognitive function and mood. In the research study, after 2 months, cognitive function (as examined by event-related prospective and the electronic evaluation battery test) and mood (utilizing bond-lader visual analogue) was identified. The greatest enhancements in mood and cognitive function were detected in those receiving the 750 mg dose of ca extract. A double-blind, placebo-controlled research study investigated the anxiolytic activity of ca in human subjects. The authors concluded that the findings recommended ca’s anxiolytic activity in humans. Very recently, a research study was conducted in sixty elderly subjects in age 65 and above, utilizing diagnostic tools like mini frame of mind examination scoring (mmse scoring), wherein activities of daily living and yesavage geriatric anxiety scale were assessed. The mean mmse scoring revealed significant improvement after administration of ca for 6 months in senior with moderate cognitive impairment (mci) at dose of 500 mg twice a day (1000 mg everyday). A favourable enhancement is observed in depression and other age related conditions like hypertension, peripheral neuritis, insomnia, anorexia nervosa, irregularity indicative of numerous useful scientific impacts of ca especially in the age-related cognitive decrease in senior. (5 ).

Benefits of gotu kola

It might help increase cognitive function

A small 2016 study compared the impacts of gotu kola extract and folic acid in boosting cognitive function after a stroke. This small research study evaluated the impact on 3 groups of participants– one taking 1,000 milligrams (mg) of gotu kola each day, one taking 750 mg of gotu kola daily, and one taking 3 mg of folic acid each day.

Although gotu kola and folic acid were equally useful in improving total cognition, gotu kola was more effective in enhancing memory domain.

A separate study took a look at the cognitive enhancing effects of gotu kola water extract on mice. Although both young and old mice showed improvements in knowing and memory using the morris water maze, the result was greater in the older mice.

How to use: take 750 to 1,000 mg of gotu kola each day for as much as 2 week at a time.

It might assist treat alzheimer’s illness

Gotu kola has the ability to improve memory and nerve function, which provides it prospective in treating alzheimer’s disease. In fact, one 2012 research study on mice found that gotu kola extract had a positive result on behavioral irregularities in mice with alzheimer’s illness.

The extract was also revealed, in lab and animal studies, to have a modest effect on protecting brain cells from toxicity. This might also protect the cells from forming the plaque related to alzheimer’s.

Still, more research study is needed to determine exactly how gotu kola could be used to treat alzheimer’s. If you have an interest in adding this to your treatment strategy, speak to your doctor prior to use.

How to use: take 30 to 60 drops of liquid gotu kola draw out 3 times each day. Does might vary between manufacturers, so always thoroughly follow the instructions on the bottle.

It might help reduce stress and anxiety and tension

Researchers in an animal study from 2016 discovered that gotu kola had an anti-anxiety impact on male mice that were sleep deprived for 72 hours. Sleep deprivation can trigger stress and anxiety, oxidative damage, and neuro inflammation.

Mice that were provided gotu kola for five successive days prior to going through sleep deprivation experienced significantly less anxiety-like behavior. They also experienced enhanced locomotor activity and less oxidative damage.

A 2013 review of anti-anxiety organic medicines likewise concluded that gotu kola has an acute anti-anxiety effect. However, more research study is required to verify these findings.

How to use: take 500 mg of gotu kola extract two times a day for up to 2 week at a time. You can use up to 2,000 mg each day in cases of severe anxiety.

It might function as an antidepressant

Gotu kola’s positive result on brain function may likewise make it a reliable antidepressant.

A review from 2016 supports these findings, in part due to a study on 33 individuals with generalized stress and anxiety condition. The participants were asked to take gotu kola in place of their antidepressant medication for 60 days. They self-reported reduced stress, stress and anxiety, and anxiety.

Another study talked about in the review assessed the effect of gotu kola on rats caused with chronic depression. The herbal solution had a favorable effect on specific aspects of behavioral depression, consisting of body weight, body temperature level, and heart rate.

How to use: take 500 mg of gotu kola twice a day for as much as 2 week at a time. You can use up to 2,000 mg per day throughout times of heightened depression.

It might enhance blood circulation and decrease swelling

Research from 2001 discovered that gotu kola can reduce problems with fluid retention, ankle swelling, and blood circulation tied to flying that last longer than 3 hours.

Individuals who experienced mild-to-moderate superficial venous disease with varicose veins were asked to take gotu kola for 2 days before their flight, the day of their flight, and the day after their flight.

Researchers discovered that participants who took the supplement experienced considerably less fluid retention and ankle swelling than those who didn’t.

Older research has actually also shown that gotu kola can be useful in treating varicose veins. This might be since gotu kola has a positive metabolic impact on the connective tissue of the vascular wall.

How to utilize: take 60 to 100 mg of gotu kola extract 3 times per day for a week, before and after any flights. You can also massage the affected location with a topical cream including 1 percent gotu kola extract.

How to do a skin patch test: it is very important to do a patch test before using any topical medication. To do this, rub a dime-sized quantity on to the inside of your forearm. If you don’t experience any irritation or inflammation within 24 hr, it should be safe to use somewhere else.

It may help ease insomnia

Offered its viewed capability to treat anxiety, stress, and depression, gotu kola might also be utilized to deal with the sleeping disorders that often accompanies these conditions. Some consider this organic treatment to be a safe option to prescription medications used to treat sleeping disorders and other sleep conditions.

Although older research does suggest that gotu kola can assist deal with sleep conditions, additional studies are needed to confirm these findings.

How to use: take 300 to 680 mg of gotu kola extract 3 times daily for up to 14 days at a time.

It may help in reducing look of stretch marks

According to a 2013 review, gotu kola can reduce the look of stretch marks. It’s believed that the terpenoids found in gotu kola increase collagen production in the body. This may help avoid brand-new stretch marks from forming, along with help heal any existing marks.

How to use: use a topical cream containing 1 percent gotu kola extract to the affected location several times each day.

How to do a skin patch test: it’s important to do a patch test before using any topical medication. To do this, rub a dime-sized quantity on to the inside of your forearm. If you don’t experience any irritation or inflammation within 24 hours, it ought to be safe to utilize in other places.

It may promote wound healing and minimize scarring

Scientists in a 2015 study on rats discovered that wound dressing including gotu kola had recovery effects on multiple kinds of wounds. This consists of clean cuts by sharp things, irregular tears triggered by blunt-force injury, and infected tissue.

Although appealing, further research is needed to confirm these findings.

How to utilize: use an ointment containing 1 percent gotu kola extract to the affected area several times per day. If your wound is deep or otherwise extreme, see your doctor prior to use.

How to do a skin patch test: it is necessary to do a patch test before utilizing any topical medication. To do this, rub a dime-sized quantity on to the inside of your lower arm. If you don’t experience any inflammation or swelling within 24 hr, it should be safe to use elsewhere.

It might help eliminate joint pain

The anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties of gotu kola might work in treating arthritis.

In fact, one 2014 research study on collagen-induced arthritis in rats discovered that oral administration of gotu kola reduced joint swelling, cartilage disintegration, and bone disintegration. Its antioxidant effect likewise had a favorable effect on the immune system.

How to utilize: take 300 to 680 mg of gotu kola extract 3 times daily for approximately 2 week at a time.

It might have a detox result

More recent research is taking a look at gotu kola’s result on liver and kidney toxicity.

According to one 2017 animal research study, gotu kola can be used to reduce the hazardous negative effects of the antibiotic isoniazid. Isoniazid is utilized to treat and prevent tuberculosis.

Rats were given 100 mg of gotu kola for thirty days before they were given the antibiotic. These rats experienced less toxicity overall. Rats that did experience toxicity in the liver and kidneys resumed to near-normal levels after being provided gotu kola.

More research is required to broaden upon these findings.

How to use: take 30 to 60 drops of liquid gotu kola draw out 3 times daily for up to 2 week at a time. Dosages may vary between producers, so constantly carefully follow the directions on the bottle. (6 ).

Nutritional truths

In southeast asia, gotu kola is used as much for food as for medical purposes. A member of the parsley household, gotu kola is an outstanding source of essential minerals and vitamins required to maintain optimum health.

According to a review in the worldwide food research study journal, 100 grams of fresh gotu kola provides the following nutrients and meets the following advised dietary intake (rdi) needs:.

  • Calcium: 171 milligrams (17% of the rdi)
  • Iron: 5.6 milligrams (31% of the rdi)
  • Potassium: 391 milligrams (11% of the rdi)
  • Vitamin a: 442 micrograms (49% of the rdi)
  • Vitamin c: 48.5 milligrams (81% of the rdi)
  • Vitamin b2: 0.19 milligrams (9% of the rdi)

gotu kola is also a good source of dietary fiber, supplying 8 percent of the rdi for women and 5 percent of the rdi for men. (7 ).

Advantages of gotu kola in your skin care items

Gotu kola is rich with antioxidants. It augments the skin’s capability to ward off environmental stressors that can damage your skin, and dispels impurities that can bring about signs of premature aging like dark areas, wrinkles, and dull skin.

It has cleaning residential or commercial properties. It rids your face of yuck and muck like dirt, bacteria, and pore-clogging oil (good idea it remains in our mild so clean! Cleanser).

It can lighten up, tighten up, and smooth skin. Because of this it can considerably lower the appearance of scarring, great lines, and wrinkles. It’s likewise incredible for your eye location, which is why we have actually included it in our eyes child eye cream, as it can lessen the look of dark circles and puffiness. In general, it will invigorate and renew your skin helping you feel fresh dealt with and wonderful!

It’s an incredibly soother. Loaded with relaxing properties, gotu kola minimizes momentary redness and alleviates pain connected with skin level of sensitivity. This makes it an excellent ingredient to try to find if you have delicate skin.

It’s a majorly effective hydration station. Gotu kola help the skin in keeping moisture and can assist accomplish that youthful, dewy glow that just comes from proper quantities of water. This is what makes it a crucial ingredient in our crème de la cream moisturizer. Hydrated skin is the ultimate way to keep common indications of aging at bay. (8 ).

Negative effects of gotu kola

Some reported adverse effects of gotu kola consist of:

  • Sleepiness
  • Intestinal discomfort
  • Skin issues
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Headaches

Although there is limited pertinent data, it is possible that gotu kola can engage with prescription or over the counter medications.

It is essential to speak with a medical professional prior to utilizing gotu kola. Make certain that the physician learns about all ongoing medications and treatments. (9 )

Gotu kola tea dish and advantage

Gotu kola (indian pennywort or mandukparni, centella asiatica, hydrcotyle asiatica) is a medical herb, which is used in ayurveda from centuries to treat brain function associated problems such as bad memory, low brainpowers, stress and anxiety, speech concerns and sleeplessness. Gotu kola tea, which is prepared from the plant of centella asiatica is simple to make and offers numerous health advantages. This tea is particularly useful in causing sound sleep.

For preparing this tea, one teaspoon of finely shredded dried/fresh gotu kola leaves are taken in a cup of hot water. The cup is covered with lid and the leaves are steeped for 10-15 minutes. After fifteen min tea is ready to drink. For stronger taste, you can high leaves for more time. You can prepare and consume this tea 3-4 times a day.

Gotu kola tea uses many health benefits. It is brain tonic, which reduces tension, stress and anxiety, growths, and cures insomnia/sleeplessness and anxiety. It also improves brainpowers, memory, intelligence and eliminates mental tiredness. Gotu kola tea gets rid of toxins from the liver and blood, improves energy levels and strengthens the kidneys. As per ayurveda, it stabilizes intensified vata and pitta in the body. (10 ).

Dosing

The recommended day-to-day dose of titrated extracts of c. Asiatica standardized for asiaticoside, asiatic acid, and madecassic acid is 60 to 120 mg. (11 ).

Interaction

Taking gotu kola with any medicines that make you sleepy can worsen this result. Ask your healthcare provider before taking gotu kola with medicine for anxiety, anxiety, or seizures.

Gotu kola can hurt your liver. This effect is increased when you likewise use other medicines hazardous to the liver. Do not take gotu kola without medical recommendations if you are using any of the following medications:.

  • Acetaminophen (tylenol);
  • Leflunomide, teriflunomide;
  • Methotrexate;
  • An antibiotic, antifungal medicine, sulfa drug, or tuberculosis medicine;
  • Contraceptive pill or hormonal agent replacement treatment;
  • Heart or blood pressure medication;
  • Cholesterol-lowering medications– crestor, lipitor, pravachol, simcor, vytorin, zocor, and others;
  • Gout or arthritis medications (including gold injections);
  • Hiv/aids medications;
  • Medicines to deal with mental illness;
  • An nsaid (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug)- ibuprofen (advil, motrin), naproxen (aleve), celecoxib (celebrex), diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, others;
  • Seizure medication– carbamazepine, phenytoin, and others; or
  • Steroids (prednisone and others).

This list is not total. Other drugs might communicate with gotu kola, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal items. Not all possible interactions are noted in this item guide. (12 ).

Warnings

This medication includes gotu kola. Do not utilize brahmabuti, centella asiatica, hydrocotyle, indian pennywort, indian water navelwort, madescassol, marsh penny, talepetrako, thick-leaved pennywort, or white rot if you are allergic to gotu kola or any components included in this drug.

Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical assistance or call a poison control center instantly. (13 ).

Conclusions

Asiatica is an herb utilized in standard chinese medication. Its primary efficient components are asiaticoside, asiatic acid, madecassoside, and madecassic acid. As discussed earlier, c. Asiatica and its triterpenoids have a vast array of medical values. In vivo and in vitro studies revealed that c. Asiatica and its triterpenoids had healing and relieving impacts on multi-system diseases. The c. Asiatica extract efficiently eases sleep deprivation, ad, type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2dm), hyperlipidemia, gestational diabetes, baldness, atopic dermatitis, wound, drug-induced liver toxicity, liver injury, stomach mucosal injury, stomach ulcers, breast cancer, leukemia, oral submucous fibrosis, migraine, and so forth. Asiatic acid effectively alleviates cognitive disability, alzheimer’s illness, parkinson’s disease, obesity, renovascular high blood pressure, transverse aortic tightness, myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (mi/r) injury, atherosclerosis, liver fibrosis, intense pancreatitis, colon carcinogenesis, hepatocellular cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer, pelvic inflammatory, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, sepsis, periodontitis, and so forth. The preclinical studies on asiaticoside discovered that it has restorative potential for the list below illness: hemiparkinsonism, alzheimer’s disease, cerebral ischemia, skin wound, pulmonary high blood pressure, atherogenesis, ali, osteolytic bone illness, etc. Pharmacological research studies found that madecassoside had possible restorative impact versus osteoporosis, acne, vitiligo, ra, etc. Madecassic acid had a favorable therapeutic result on ischemic retinopathies. The preclinical study on centella asiatica mainly concentrated on the extract of c. Asiatica and asiatic acid. For diseases, neurological and skin diseases are mostly examined. Nevertheless, the effect on other diseases also requires more thorough expedition.

The occurrence of inflammatory reaction, oxidative tension, apoptosis, and mitochondrial dysfunction is carefully related to various illness. C. Asiatica and its triterpenoids can be used in lots of medical circumstances because they have anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic results, ease oxidant stress, and enhance mitochondrial function. Hence even more, c. Asiatica may also be applied to diseases not pointed out in this research study through the exact same pathological system, and this hypothesis requires extensive investigation for confirmation. (14 ).

References

  1. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/centella_asiatica
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-753/gotu-kola
  3. Https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/herb/gotu-kola
  4. Https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gotu-kola
  5. Https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3116297/
  6. Https://www.healthline.com/health/gotu-kola-benefits#_noheaderprefixedcontent
  7. Https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-benefits-of-gotu-kola-89566
  8. Https://fleurandbee.com/blogs/news/gotu-kola-for-skin
  9. Https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/gotu-kola-benefits#side-effects
  10. Https://www.bimbima.com/recipes/gotu-kola-tea-recipe-and-benefits/2292/
  11. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/gotu-kola.html
  12. Https://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-gotu_kola/article_em.htm#drugs
  13. Https://www.rxlist.com/consumer_gotu_kola/drugs-condition.htm
  14. Https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2020.568032/full#h4
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