Maitake

26 mins read

Other name( s):

Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, return of investment des champignons, shelf fungi.

Overview

Maitake mushroom is a fungi that has actually been eaten as food in asia for countless years. People likewise utilize it to make medication.

Maitake mushroom is utilized to deal with cancer and likewise to eliminate some of the side effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is likewise used for hiv/aids, fatigue syndrome (cfs), hepatitis, hay fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight-loss or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.

If you choose to gather maitake mushrooms, make sure you can tell them apart from poisonous mushrooms. This job is probably best delegated specialists.

How does it work?

Maitake mushroom contains chemicals which may help fight growths and promote the body immune system. There is some evidence that it can lower blood pressure, enhance cholesterol levels, lower blood sugar levels, and reduce weight in rats, but this has not been revealed for humans yet. (1 ).

What health advantages are connected to maitake mushroom?

Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has actually revealed better results in preventing and treating cancer and other health conditions. Maitake likewise has a positive effect on total resistance.

Maitake mushrooms are abundant in:.

The mushrooms are also:.

Scientists are presently studying the unique method the mushroom supports total health and fights illness.

What the research says

Lab research suggests that maitake may work in dealing with particular illnesses. More studies are required to verify its impact on people, however the existing findings are promising.

Cancer

A 2013 study shows that maitake d-fraction could be beneficial in avoiding and treating breast cancer. Scientists recommend that this mushroom can combat the growth and recreation of cancerous cells.

Maitake mushroom has actually been revealed to reduce tumor growth in mice. It can likewise increase the number of cells battling versus the tumor. This suggests that it might likewise be effective in managing cancer in humans when taken orally.

An earlier research study discovered maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be efficient in eliminating human cancer cells. It was taken along with a protein that also combats cancer and prospered in increasing the protein’s effectiveness.

Cholesterol

Scientists in a 2013 study discovered that maitake powdered extract decreased cholesterol levels in mice. It was also shown to increase fats that offer energy. Because of this, researchers thought that consuming maitake mushroom might assist keep arteries healthy.

Type 2 diabetes

The outcomes of a 2015 study revealed that maitake mushroom can have a positive effect on rats with type 2 diabetes. Throughout the study, maitake mushroom usage had a positive impact on glucose levels of rats. This points to the mushroom’s potential to deal with type 2 diabetes in humans.

Maitake mushroom may also work in dealing with:

  • Cold and flu infections
  • High or low high blood pressure
  • Immune function
  • Negative effects of chemotherapy (2 )

Botany

The maitake mushroom is found in northeastern japan but likewise grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungus in the polyporaceae family (synonym, polyporus frondosus dicks. Ex fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base diameter. One bunch can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lbs). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance looking like dancing butterflies, thus one of its common names, dancing mushroom.

Chemistry

The polysaccharide beta-glucan is present in low amounts (0% to 0.2%) 2 in most of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae household (eg, reishi mushroom) and has antitumor activity. The d fraction of beta-glucan appears to be the most active and potent type of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract developed in japan. An md-fraction has now been described, too, with supposedly exceptional activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have been reported.

Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have been drawn out from maitake, and their structure has actually been figured out. Two various glycan conformations have been gotten from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has actually been elucidated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside studies have been reported. A lectin from maitake has actually been isolated and defined. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have been explained and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has actually been recognized in research studies analyzing apoptosis in neuronal cells.

Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have actually been carried out.

Dosing

Disease-prevention dosages of industrial preparations range from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily. A trial among hiv-positive patients utilized doses of 6 g/day entire powder or 20 mg cleansed extract with 4 g whole maitake powder. (3 ).

Traditional usage (might not be supported by scientific research studies)

Historically, maitake has actually been used as a tonic and adaptogen (a compound that rejuvenates or strengthens the system). In addition to other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was utilized as a food to help promote health and vigor.

Parts utilized & where grown

Maitake is a very large mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, as well as in the United States and Canada and europe. Famous for its taste and health advantages, maitake is likewise referred to as the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who discovered the rare mushroom began dancing with delight. Others associate its name to the way the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.

Maitake is exceptionally sensitive to environmental modifications, which have presented lots of obstacles to those cultivating this mushroom. However, japanese farmers have prospered in producing top quality organic maitake mushrooms, enabling broader accessibility both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are utilized. (4 ).

Maitake mushroom nutrition truths

One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) consists of 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbohydrates, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an excellent source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and Potassium. The following nutrition details for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is provided by the usda.

  • Calories: 22
  • Fat: 0.1 g
  • Sodium: 0.7 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 4.9 g
  • Fiber: 1.9 g
  • Sugars: 1.5 g
  • Protein: 1.4 g
  • vitamin d: 20mg
  • Phosphorus: 52mg
  • Potassium: 143mg

Carbs

One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms contains 4.9 grams of carbohydrates. The very same serving size of maitake mushrooms supplies 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.

For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types provided by maitake mushrooms consist of β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.

Fats

Maitake mushrooms include little fat, with only 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.

Protein

Maitake mushrooms consist of just 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a complete protein source, suggesting they lack some of the important Amino acids.

Vitamins and minerals

Similar to other mushroom ranges, maitakes consist of numerous minerals and vitamins. A 70-gram serving offers 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of Potassium. They also consist of a number of b vitamins, consisting of 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are also an outstanding source of plant-based choline (35mg).

Calories

A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms contains 22 calories with 74% of those calories originating from carbs, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.

Summary

Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbs, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are usually discovered regularly in animal sources. They likewise supply other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and Potassium. (5 ).

Maitake green tea

Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research study shows it can help you live longer and healthier. There are several varieties of green tea and all can be utilized for this mushroom tea dish. Japanese green teas will provide a sweeter, more vegetal taste while chinese green teas will be more earthy and strong. shiitake mushrooms can be alternatived to maitake if required.

Components:

  • 10 grams maitake mushrooms
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
  • 1 tablespoon loose leaf green tea
  • 8 ounces warm water

Guidelines:

  1. Heat water in a big pot till it reaches a boil.
  2. Include the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Turn heat to medium before including vanilla and green tea leaves.
  4. Steep for 5 more minutes.
  5. Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces utilizing a fine mesh strainer. Delight in! (6 )

Why consume maitake tea?

Think it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and north america and have actually been used in standard medicine for countless years, thanks to its result on general health and energy levels.

Maitake mushrooms are nutritional powerhouses, loaded with antioxidants, beta glucans, vitamins b and c, Amino acids, along with minerals like copper, Potassium and fibre.

Why learn how to make maitake tea?

First things first: there are great deals of reasons that adding maitake tea to your diet plan can improve your wellness. However do not forget– maitake is effective.

Speak to your doctor about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you since they can communicate with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recuperating from) surgical treatment, it’s a great idea to provide maitake a miss out on for a month or so. In the meantime, have a look at these potential advantages:.

Maitake tea for the immune system

When it pertains to antioxidants, maitake packs a punch. Not just that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have been found to have a favorable impact on the immune system. Entering influenza season and with other bugs on the radar, you may do well to include maitake to your regime.

Keep in mind, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have heaps of other advantages, too.

Maitake tea for heart health

Another effective polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungis gem can help reduce your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” good”) cholesterol levels.

You probably currently understand that having high cholesterol levels isn’t excellent news. However reducing your cholesterol can improve your artery performance and lower your danger of heart problem. Better cardiovascular health is absolutely great news!

Maitake tea for blood sugar level

A 2015 study discovered that maitake mushrooms had favorable results on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is required, however it indicates maitake’s capacity to assist with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood sugar levels in humans.

How to make maitake tea

If you’re keen on an easy, no fuss way to get the advantages of maitake tea, just add a teaspoon of powdered maitake medicinal mushrooms to whatever you’re drinking. Our creator, graham, is likewise a fan of the yoghurt method. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you just put it in your yoghurt,” which appears easy enough.

If you like something with a bit more pizazz, try these dishes on for size.

Organic maitake tea

Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medicinal mushroom powder into 250ml of warm water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make terrific additions to maitake tea. If you prefer a creamier drink, use hot milk or a milk replacement of your option.

Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate

Integrate hot water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder. Allow this mix to high for a couple of minutes. Top up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk substitute, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.

Blitz in the blender for a foamy top. (7 ).

Do not take if

You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake may increase their effects in type-2 diabetic clients.

You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can communicate with warfarin leading to an elevated international normalized ratio (inr). (8 ).

The threats of maitake mushroom supplements

Supplement types

An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is typically sold as a supplement in tablet, capsule and liquid kind. Other frequently sold supplements include powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in capsules. Supplements might be labeled maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are likewise integrated with other components in some solutions promoted to boost the immune system.

Medicinal utilizes

Promoters declare that besides typically boosting the body immune system, the maitake mushroom can curb tumor growth and enhance the impacts of chemotherapy in cancer patients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s credibility as an immune system strengthener relied on folklore till current years, when researchers started studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has revealed favorable effects on the body immune system in laboratory and animal studies. There have actually not sufficed scientific studies to reason about maitake mushroom supplements’ benefits and dangers to humans.

Threats of maitake supplements

Consumed as food in regular amounts, maitakes more than likely don’t present a threat unless you dislike them, according to the american cancer society. There’s insufficient evidence to determine any dangers of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medicinal amounts, and the susan g. Komen foundation advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. People with an immune disorder need to also proceed meticulously. A small study of breast cancer clients reported in the “journal of cancer research and medical oncology” in 2009 discovered that liquid maitake extracts enhanced some immune system functions however depressed other immune functions. Maitake might likewise position threats to people with low blood pressure, bleeding conditions or diabetes, according to the komen foundation.

Interactions with drugs

Since they might increase bleeding, beware about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are likewise taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen also advises versus mixing maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or high blood pressure medications. Consult your physician prior to taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that might connect with the maitake. (9 ).

Supplement-drug interactions can be hazardous and, in rare cases, even deadly. Constantly consult your medical professional before supplementing and let them learn about all drugs and supplements you are using or considering.

One case report recorded a possible interaction in between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.

Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering effects, maitake supplements might communicate with drugs for these conditions.

If you’re taking any of the above drugs, ensure not to take maitake supplements prior to talking to your medical professional. (10 ).

Medications for hypertension (antihypertensive drugs) engages with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom may lower blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to medications that lower blood pressure may cause blood pressure to go too low. Display your high blood pressure closely.

Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) engages with maitake mushroom

Maitake mushroom might decrease blood glucose levels. Taking maitake mushroom along with diabetes medications may trigger blood sugar level to drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar level closely.

Special precautions and warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t sufficient reliable information to know if maitake mushroom is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and avoid usage.

Surgical treatment: maitake mushroom might impact blood glucose levels, making blood glucose control hard throughout and after surgical treatment. Stop using maitake mushroom a minimum of 2 weeks before an arranged surgical treatment. (11 ).

When purchasing maitake:

Search for extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (stemmed from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Commercial preparations commonly provide 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg whole powder per capsule.

Maitake dose:

Disease-prevention doses of industrial preparations range from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of entire powder daily.

Kid’s dose:

None defined. Might consider half the adult dosage in kids aged 6-12 years.

Dr. Dwayne states:

I’m a fantastic believer in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective properties of asian mushrooms, including maitake. It is edible and tasty, and part of the recommendations in my anti-inflammatory food guide pyramid. You must be able to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, premium shops, or upscale supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).

Clinical summary

Maitake is an edible mushroom consumed commonly in asia as food and utilized in traditional medication to treat diabetes and high blood pressure. Its extracts are commercially offered as dietary supplements marketed to “boost immune function” and to treat hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has been determined as the active constituent. Maitake extracts displayed hypoglycemic results in a couple of studies. Preliminary data likewise recommend that they may be useful in inducing ovulation in clients with polycystic ovary syndrome.

In other research studies, maitake showed antitumor impacts, improved bone marrow nest formation, reduced doxorubicin toxicity, and hindered growth transition in vitro. In murine models, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and improved peripheral blood leukocyte recovery following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and safeguarded versus cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. An unique polysaccharide, mzf, was revealed to cause dendritic cell maturation and enhanced antitumor reaction; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide boosted the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a combination of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to induce apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake also boosted interferon activity versus bladder cancer cells and alleviated swelling associated with inflammatory bowel disease.

In addition, a maitake portion revealed antileishmanial impacts; and a maitake polysaccharide has been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic disorders by regulating gut microbial phylotypes and by managing genes involved in hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolic process.

In a little non-controlled study, tumor regression or substantial enhancements in symptoms were observed in half of the subjects who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of a maitake extract was shown to have immunomodulatory results; and to boost neutrophil and monocyte function in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More studies are underway to examine maitake’s anticancer capacity. (13 ).

Recommendations

  1. Https://www.rxlist.com/maitake_mushroom/supplements.htm
  2. Https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/maitake-mushroom#benefits
  3. Https://www.drugs.com/npp/maitake.html
  4. Https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?Docid=hn-2127000#hn-2127000-related-information
  5. Https://www.verywellfit.com/the-benefits-of-maitake-89037
  6. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-mushroom-tea
  7. Https://www.touchwoodmushrooms.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-maitake-tea
  8. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
  9. Https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/risks-maitake-mushroom-supplements-10999.html
  10. Https://supplements.selfdecode.com/blog/maitake-mushrooms/
  11. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-560/maitake-mushroom
  12. Https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/herbs/maitake/
  13. Https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/maitake
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