Tamarind

29 mins read

Tamarind is a tree. Its partially dried fruit is used to make medicine.

Individuals use tamarind for dry eye. It is also utilized for irregularity, fever, gallbladder disorders, disorders affecting bile circulation in the liver, and numerous other conditions, but there is no good scientific proof to support these other usages.

In foods and drinks, tamarind is utilized as flavoring. It is also extensively used in asian cooking for chutneys and curries. [2]

History

Tamarindus indica is probably indigenous to tropical africa, however has actually been cultivated for so long on the indian subcontinent that it is often reported to be indigenous there. It grows wild in africa in areas as varied as sudan, cameroon, nigeria, kenya, zambia, somalia, tanzania and malawi. In arabia, it is found growing wild in oman, especially dhofar, where it grows on the sea-facing slopes of mountains. It reached south asia likely through human transport and growing numerous thousand years back. It is commonly distributed throughout the tropics, from africa to south asia.

In the 16th century, it was introduced to mexico and central america, and to a lower degree to south america, by spanish and portuguese colonists, to the degree that it ended up being an essential ingredient in the region’s cuisine.

Today, india is the largest manufacturer of tamarind. The usage of tamarind is widespread due to its central role in the foods of the indian subcontinent, southeast asia, and the americas, especially mexico. [3]

Description

The tamarind, a slow-growing, long-lived, massive tree reaches, under beneficial conditions, a height of 80 or even 100 feet (24-30 m), and might attain a spread of 40 ft (12 m) and a trunk area of 25 ft (7.5 m). It is highly wind-resistant, with strong, flexible branches, gracefully drooping at the ends, and has dark-gray, rough, fissured bark. The mass of bright-green, fine, feathery foliage is made up of pinnate leaves, 3 to 6 in (7.5-15 cm) in length, each having 10 to 20 sets of elongate brochures 1/2 to 1 in (1.25-2.5 cm) long and 1/5 to 1/4 in (5-6 mm) large, which fold at night. The leaves are normally evergreen but may be shed briefly in extremely dry locations during the hot season. Inconspicuous, inch-wide flowers, borne in small racemes, are 5-petalled (2 reduced to bristles), yellow with orange or red streaks. The flower buds are distinctly pink due to the outer color of the 4 sepals which are shed when the flower opens.

The fruits, flattish, beanlike, irregularly curved and bulged pods, are borne in terrific abundance along the brand-new branches and usually vary from 2 to 7 in long and from 3/4 to 1 1/4 in (2-3.2 cm) in size. Exceptionally big tamarinds have been discovered on individual trees. The pods might be cinnamon-brown or grayish-brown externally and, initially, are tender-skinned with green, highly acid flesh and soft, whitish, under-developed seeds. As they develop, the pods fill out rather and the juicy, acidulous pulp turns brown or reddish-brown. Afterwards, the skin ends up being a fragile, easily-cracked shell and the pulp dehydrates naturally to a sticky paste confined by a few coarse strands of fiber extending lengthwise from the stalk. The 1 to 12 completely formed seeds are hard, glossy-brown, squarish in kind, 1/8 to 1/2 in (1.1-1.25 cm) in diameter, and each is confined in a parchment like membrane. [4]

What are the various tamarind ranges?

The most favored tamarind ranges include sweet tamarind, manila tamarind, spanish tamarind, velvet tamarind and australian tamarind. When it comes to taste, there are 2 ranges frequently referenced.

The very first is a sweet variety sold fresh to customers. The 2nd is a sour variety used for tamarind paste and other food/ beverage products stemmed from the fruit. With a gummy texture, tamarind loads an effective burst of flavor into each bite, making it a world-famous fruit celebrated for its golden flavors.

Grown primarily in india and other tropical/ lush landscapes, tamarind is not just low upkeep, but easy to grow. Firstly, tamarind trees can take in between 6 and 8 years to fruit. The tree can huge development, boasting a height of 82 feet. Not to mention, tamarind trees can live as long as 300 years.

Not surprising that why this sweet and sour fruit has actually been a staple for centuries! The fruits produced from the mom tree are actually categorized as legumes. The pods span in between 4 and 6 inches. Tamarind’s outside color is brown, while the inside is a yellow-orange.

The seeds take up a substantial part of the pod, comprising around 34% of the whole bean. Interestingly, tamarind consists of approximately 10% tartaric acid. Nevertheless, this is not uncommon as other fruits such as grapes, cherries, apples and pineapples all have varying tartaric acid levels. [5]

Tamarind nutrition facts

One cup (or 120g) of raw tamarind pulp supplies 287 calories, 3.4 g protein, 75g carbohydrates, and 0.7 g fat. Tamarind is an excellent source of b vitamins and vitamin c, as well as potassium, magnesium, and more minerals. The following nutrition info is supplied by the usda.

  • Calories: 287
  • Fat: 0.7 g
  • Sodium: 34 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 75g
  • Fiber: 6.1 g
  • Sugars: 46.6 g
  • Protein: 3.4 g
  • potassium: 754mg
  • vitamin c: 4.2 mg

Carbohydrates

While 1 cup of tamarind pulp has 75 grams of carbohydrates (almost 47 grams of sugar), the fruit’s glycemic load is low, meaning it does not trigger blood sugar to spike.

Pure tamarind typically contains no added sugar or other active ingredients, however always make sure to check the label. Tamarind is a popular ingredient in candy, beverages, syrup, and sauces, such as barbecue sauce– all of which frequently have sugarcoated.

Fats

Tamarind has a minimal quantity of fat, less than 1 gram per 120 grams of pulp.

Protein

Tamarind supplies some protein, but not as much as other members of the bean household.

Minerals and vitamins

Tamarind is an excellent source of b vitamins, vitamin c, potassium, magnesium, iron, thiamine, phosphorus, riboflavin, and fiber.

Summary

Tamarind is a terrific source of b vitamins and vitamin c, and is a potassium-rich fruit. Raw tamarind pulp provides carbs and fiber, and minimal quantities of fat and protein. [6]

Different kinds of tamarind

Tamarind is available in ready kinds, such as candy and sweetened syrup.

You can likewise find the pure fruit in 3 primary kinds:.

Raw pods. These pods are the least processed type of tamarind. They’re still intact and can be quickly opened to remove the pulp.

Pressed block. To make these, the shell and seeds are removed and the pulp is compressed into a block. These blocks are one step away from raw tamarind.

Concentrate. Tamarind concentrate is pulp that has been simplified. Preservatives may also be added.

Summary

Pure tamarind is available in 3 main forms: raw pods, pushed blocks, and concentrate. It’s also offered as sweet and syrup. [7]

Benefits of tamarind

Helps in weight loss

Tamarind is abundant in fiber and has no fat material. Studies recommend that consuming tamarind daily might really assist in weight reduction considering that it consists of flavonoids and polyphenols.

Likewise, tamarind is packed with hydroxycitric acid, which lowers your cravings by preventing amylase, an enzyme responsible for transforming carb into fat.

Prevents peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers can be extremely agonizing. These are essentially sores that appear in the inner lining of the stomach and small intestine. Thanks to the polyphenolic compounds found in tamarind, this fruit can avoid these ulcers.

Efficient in managing diabetes

Tamarind seed extracts are anti-inflammatory in nature and they are even said to support blood sugar level levels and reverse the damage of the pancreatic tissue in those struggling with diabetes. The enzyme alpha-amylase which is shown to reduce blood sugar level levels can also be found in tamarind.

Assists with food digestion

Tamarind has been utilized because ancient times as a laxative because of its tartaric acid, malic acid, and potassium material. Its ability to unwind abdominal muscles is why it is likewise utilized as a treatment for diarrhoea. So, while the fruit is used to alleviate constipation, the leaves provide treatment from diarrhoea, and the root and bark can be consumed to relieve abdominal discomfort.

Help a healthy heart

Tamarind is an extremely heart-friendly fruit. Flavonoids present in tamarind lower ldl or “bad” cholesterol and raise hdl or “great” cholesterol levels, thus avoiding the build-up of triglycerides (a kind of fat) in the blood. It also has high potassium content which can help keep your blood pressure in check.

Looks after your liver

It turns out that tamarind can look after your liver as well. A diet rich in calories causes a fatty liver and studies recommend that everyday consumption of tamarind extracts can reverse this condition.

It can help you handle allergies

It is an efficient method to deal with allergic asthma and cough because of its antihistaminic residential or commercial properties. It’s also an abundant source of vitamin c and can increase the body immune system to prevent cold and cough. [8]

Further more

Tamarind advantages for brain

Eight various b vitamins have a comparable function in our body, and these vitamins are water-soluble. Since these b vitamins are especially essential for the better functioning of your nerve system and brain health, without turning to supplements, you should be able to get enough b vitamins in your diet.

Although tamarind especially has thiamine and folate and is a rich source of b vitamins except for vitamin b12, unlike other plants.

Protects against cancer:

Antioxidants play a necessary role in maintaining a healthy body, and therefore scientists suggest a diet plan high in anti-oxidants. For example, tamarind assists enhance your body immune system and lowers cancer risk by having high quantities of antioxidants.

According to scientists, these anti-oxidants decrease the damage to your cell dna by minimizing the impact of the free radicals. This is due to the fact that the harm to the dna is where numerous cancers start.

Tamarind has high amounts of phytochemicals that include beta-carotene that has antioxidant qualities.

Helps to deal with dry eyes:

Eye drops prepared with tamarind pulp are utilized to treat an eye condition called conjunctivitis. Dry eye syndrome is yet another eye condition that can be treated by the traditional technique using tamarind seeds.

Because eyes are sensitive organs, it is always much better to seek advice from a physician prior to trying anything new.

Deals with cold and fever:

Tamarind has a number of therapeutic properties, along with potent anti-inflammatory and antibacterial residential or commercial properties. These residential or commercial properties of tamarind aid you deal with fever, inflammation, injury recovery, diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal discomfort, and cold naturally by utilizing it as conventional medicine. [9]

Tamarind benefits for skin

Anti-aging advantages

Tamarind has anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and antioxidant impacts, which can benefit the skin in lots of ways. Similar to utilizing the herb star anise, these antioxidants protect the skin cells from totally free extreme damage and can even decrease the indications of aging like dark areas, fine lines, and wrinkles.

Tamarind provides the skin with precious hyaluronic acid. hyaluronic acid (ha) is a naturally occurring polysaccharide in the body. Typically referred to as ‘the fountain of youth,’ ha is the compound that fills the gap between cells.

Combine tamarind with a diy seaweed wrap to create a natural lubricant that secures moisture and develops fullness, keeping skin soft, smooth, and plump.

Assists skin ailments

The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory qualities of tamarind might help your psoriasis, eczema, and other skin problem by managing flares and other signs. The anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties of tamarind deal with your pores and soothe the skin practically as well as using neem soap daily.

Tamarind is a powerhouse of antioxidant substances. Loaded with vitamins c, a, e, b1, b3, and k. It is likewise rich in skin-friendly minerals such as iron, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, potassium, selenium, and zinc.

Adds to a natural radiance

Tamarind is rich in alpha hydroxy acids or ahas, which are naturally-occurring acids present in certain fruits. Alpha hydroxy acids are outstanding for skin health, mainly because it helps in sloughing off dead cells, revealing clear, brilliant skin underneath.

Prevents stretch marks

Stretch marks take place due to abrupt weight gain or weight-loss. There is no denying the reality that stretch marks can turn out to be quite annoying. The aha in tamarind advantages for skin can be used to prevent stretch marks.

It works on a cellular level and increases collagen production, making the skin more elastic.

Exfoliates skin

When you’re exfoliating your skin, you’re effectively unclogging your pores. Traditionally, the acid from tamarind pulp stemmed from the fruit of the tamarind tree has been used for its exfoliating homes.

Exfoliating that dead and dry skin, along with all the other surface debris that might stay on your skin after cleaning, stops it from making its way into your pores and causing persistent stoppages in the form of whiteheads and blackheads.

Reduces dry skin

We can’t worry enough the importance of moisturizing your skin every day. As we age, our skin’s natural ability to shed dead skin cells slows down. This can cause more obstructing, more imperfections, more dark areas, and uneven texture. These built-up dead cells can actually make it challenging for the skin to become hydrated or moisturized.

Tamarind benefits for skin get rid of dead skin cells and rejuvenate new ones, it can make your skin appear smoother and enhance its texture. If you have dry or dehydrated skin, exfoliation is one of the best ways to treat your flakes without heavy, caked-on moisturizers.

Other notable tamarind advantages for skin.

  • Lightens pigmentation
  • Heals injuries
  • Lowers acne scarring
  • Keeps skin smooth, firm, and tight
  • Natural toner and astringent
  • Eliminates dark rings around the neck
  • Restores glow [10]

4 methods to utilize tamarind for skin

Skin lightening

Tamarind is natural and it is less likely to trigger any harm only if you use it sensibly. Thus, it is really important that you follow the guideline provided listed below to use the advantages of tamarind.

  1. Boil 30 gms of tamarind in 100 ml of water and extract the pulp from it.
  2. To the pulp, add half a spoonful of turmeric and make a mask.
  3. Apply this skin-lightening face mask on your face.
  4. You will be amazed to reveal a fairer and brighter complexion instantly, particularly if you have an oily skin.
  5. Use this treatment thrice a week. You should likewise drink tamarind juice for other health advantages.

Lightening

If you do not trust chemically-loaded bleach offered in the market, do not sulk because there are plenty of natural options readily available. You can make one at home using tamarind. Follow these steps:.

  1. Mix one spoonful of lemon and honey each to a spoonful of tamarind pulp (drawn out precisely as explained above).
  2. Use the face pack uniformly to your face and leave on for 15 to 20 minutes.
  3. Now, wash it off with cold water.

Skin exfoliation

You can use tamarind to get rid of impurities and ingrained dirt from your skin as it is abundant in afa (alpha hydroxyl acids). The vitamin c and b in tamarind will remove dead skin cells successfully to let loose a cleaner, fresher, more radiant skin below.

  1. Mix one spoonful each of tamarind pulp and sea salt.
  2. Include a spoonful of curd or milk cream to this paste.
  3. Individuals with an oily skin ought to opt for curd and those with dry skin should opt for milk cream.
  4. Scrub your face with this mix, moving your fingertips in circular motion.

Instant facial radiance

Do you have a date at night however no time for a facial or cleanup? Don’t stress due to the fact that all you require is 20 minutes and some tamarind for a “just-had-a-facial” clear skin. Here is how you can get an instantaneous radiance on your face using the appetizing tamarind.

  1. Include one spoonful each of tamarind pulp and honey to two spoon filled with gram flour.
  2. Mix and apply all over the face.
  3. Let the face pack set for 20 minutes and clean with cold water afterwards.

Hey there, beautiful! Your face is glowing like a bulb utilize these tamarind recipes to lighten, lighten up and improve your skin tone. It is an inexpensive and user friendly component to possess silky smooth, younger skin. Simply be careful with the quantity of tamarind powder or pulp you are using for this remedy. Enjoy a stunning and glowing skin. [11]

Benefits of tamarind for women

Tamarind has actually proven extremely useful for females by providing health and sexual advantages. The tamarind benefits for women are;

Tamarind increases fertility

Tamarind is utilized to improve fertility in both males and women due to the fact that it has a lot of minerals and vitamin c. The anti-oxidant residential or commercial properties of tamarind benefit sexually by helping in enhancing the fertility of females.

Tamarind benefits sexually

Tamarind has magnesium and vitamin b6, which benefit female fertility and sexual life. Tamarind is full of vitamin c that assists in improving the semen quality and life expectancy of sperms in males.

When the human body produces a small number of complimentary radicals, it lowers fertility. Nevertheless, tamarind and other foods abundant in vitamin c can assist increase the production of these complimentary radicals; consequently, tamarind benefit sexually by increasing fertility.

Tamarind advantages for breast

Tamarind helps in increasing breast size. Consuming sour things like tamarind, orange, and other fruits assists increase breast size. Tamarind regular consuming helps to grow breasts naturally. Consuming straight sour tamarind is considered helpful for the breast. Daily taking 4-5 tamarind pieces after breakfast for one week but avoiding drinking water after consuming it for 1-hour helps to increase breast size naturally and works in increasing breast size for teenage girls. [12]

Side-effects and allergic reactions of tamarind

While tamarind has a great deal of nutritional and health benefits, it features a few negative effects too. Tamarind can raise the risks of bleeding and turn out to be exceptionally dangerous when taken with particular medications such as aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-platelet drugs. Regular consumption of tamarind in large quantities can likewise trigger a significant fall in our serum glucose levels, leading to hypoglycemia. In addition, allergy or hypersensitivity is among the most common side effects of.

Tamarind. There are lots of people who are sensitive to the components of this fruit and wind up developing a number of symptoms like rashes, itching, inflammation, stinging sensation, lightheadedness, fainting, throwing up, shortness of breath, and so on. By consuming it. [13]

Dosage

Dosage dosage of tamarind depend upon client or user condition, age, health and several other factor oral use: as laxative tamarind paste is used in the variety of 10-50grams as fruit cubes.such paste is made from the fermented fruit of tamarindus indica topical use there is no specific dose for topical administration foe tamarind in infusion form 30g of leaves per litter of water up to 3 cups daily pulp takes 20-40g. [14]

Interactions

Aspirin interaction rating: moderate be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health company.

Taking tamarind with aspirin might increase how much aspirin the body absorbs. This could increase the amount of aspirin in the body and may increase the opportunity of aspirin negative effects.

Ibuprofen interaction score: moderate beware with this combination. Talk with your health supplier.

Taking tamarind with ibuprofen may increase just how much ibuprofen the body soaks up. This might increase the quantity of ibuprofen in the body and may increase the opportunity of ibuprofen adverse effects.

Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interaction ranking: moderate be cautious with this combination. Talk with your health service provider.

Tamarind might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are likewise used to lower blood sugar level. Taking tamarind with diabetes medications might cause your blood glucose to be too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dosage of your diabetes medication might need to be altered.

Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (amaryl), glyburide (diabeta, glynase prestab, micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (actos), rosiglitazone (avandia), chlorpropamide (diabinese), glipizide (glucotrol), tolbutamide (orinase), and others. [15]

Is tamarind safe for everybody?

As a food, tamarind sits within the bean family therefore has the ability to trigger an allergic reaction in some individuals. Tamarind might lower blood sugar level levels therefore ought to be used with care if you are diabetic. It can also have a laxative impact if consumed in big amounts. [16]

Conclusion

Tamarind is utilized as a functional food. From this a great deal of chemical compounds were separated and utilized extensively in pharmaceutical, textile markets, fodder. Tree trunk is used as timber. Its taste is sour, sweet, cool and astringent, due to its components. Many parts of the tamarind tree have actually been utilized in standard medications to deal with diseases in addition to signs. Considering the overall advantages of the plant, it can be promoted as a safe, highly crucial, medicinal plant for humanity. [17]

References

  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tamarind
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-819/tamarind
  3. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tamarind#origin
  4. Https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/tamarind.html
  5. Https://foodiosity.com/tamarind-varieties/
  6. Https://www.verywellfit.com/benefits-of-tamarind-1087442
  7. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/tamarind#types-of-tamarind
  8. Https://www.healthshots.com/healthy-eating/superfoods/7-health-benefits-of-tamarind-you-cant-afford-to-ignore/
  9. Https://stylesatlife.com/articles/tamarind-benefits/
  10. Https://healthyhuemans.com/tamarind-benefits-for-skin/
  11. Https://www.onlymyhealth.com/4-simple-ways-to-brighten-skin-with-tamarind-1434718654
  12. Https://instacare.pk/blog/what-are-the-tamarind-benefits-sexually-you-must-know
  13. Https://www.lybrate.com/topic/benefits-of-tamarind-and-its-side-effects#side-effects-allergies-of-tamarind
  14. Https://www.slideshare.net/arslantahir4/tamarindus-indica-tamarind
  15. Https://www.rxlist.com/tamarind/supplements.htm#interactions
  16. Https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/top-6-health-benefits-of-tamarind
  17. Https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc3210002/
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