Table of Contents
Zeolite is a natural volcanic mineral found in deposits throughout the western half of the united states.
Zeolite is among the rare minerals that have a natural unfavorable charge. The combination of the honeycomb structure and net negative charge enables zeolite to both soak up liquids and adsorb aspects based on the strength of the chemical bond. The magnetic destination an aspect has to zeolite is called the cec value or ability to ion-exchange while the honeycomb structure makes use of molecular sieve to filter substances.
Usually, natural zeolite includes an open, three-dimensional cage-like structure with a vast network of open channels. These channels streaming throughout each granule are what make zeolite such a capable absorbent. When the loosely bound, positively charged atoms (cations) take a trip through a channel, they end up being bound to the adversely charged honeycomb structure.
Zeolite has an aluminosilicate structure. Which simply implies minerals composed of aluminum, silicon, and oxygen, plus countercations. This structure provides extraordinary strength and stability to the honeycomb structure. It likewise makes it really hard for the positively charged atoms (cations) to leach from zeolite.
There are a few factors that determine the absorption/adsorption capabilities of natural zeolite. They are molecular structure, area, surface charge density, and cation exchange capability. These elements will identify bulk density and stability under different conditions. For example, zeolite may have a greater bulk density after it has actually adsorbed heavy metals due to the reality it has actually included matter to itself. The smaller the granule size of zeolite the more it will soak up and adsorb due to the included surface area.
The varying sizes permit different industrial applications. The smaller the size, the much faster absorption will happen alongside greatly increased surface area are. Larger granule sizes are useful for water clean-up projects or water filters. The bigger sizes permit water to flow at higher rates and to the preferred back circulation pressure. We have actually produced custom mixtures or spec material in the past. Reach out to us with your questions on customized zeolite mixtures. 
What special homes do zeolites have?
Zeolites are very stable solids that resist the kinds of ecological conditions that challenge numerous other materials. High temperatures don’t bother them because they have reasonably high melting points (over 1000 ° c), and they don’t burn. They also withstand high pressures, do not disssolve in water or other inorganic solvents, and do not oxidize in the air. They’re not believed to trigger health problems through, for example, skin contact or inhalation, though in fibrous form, they might have carcinogenic (cancer-causing) results. Because they’re unreactive and based upon naturally taking place minerals, they’re not thought to have any harmful ecological impacts. Although zeolites might sound extremely boring, their stable and unreactive nature isn’t what makes them helpful.
The most fascinating feature of zeolites is their open, cage-like, “structure” structure and the method it can trap other particles inside it. This is how water molecules and alkali or alkaline-earth metal ions (positively charged atoms with too couple of electrons, often called cations) end up being a part of zeolite crystals– although they don’t always stay there permanently. Zeolites can exchange other favorably charged ions for the metal ions originally caught inside them (technically this is known as cation exchange) and, as cronstedt discovered over 250 years ago, they can gain or lose their water particles very easily too (this is called reversible dehydration). Zeolites have regular openings in them of repaired size, which let small molecules pass directly through however trap larger ones; that’s why they’re in some cases described as molecular sieves. Unlike natural zeolites, which take place in random types and mixed sizes, artificial zeolites are produced in extremely precise and consistent sizes (generally from about 1μm to 1mm) to fit a specific application; in other words, they’re made a specific size to trap particles of a specific (smaller sized) size inside them.
Although all zeolites are aluminosilicates, some include more alumina, while others include more silica. Alumina-rich zeolites are drawn in to polar molecules such as water, while silica-rich zeolites work much better with nonpolar molecules.
What are zeolite catalysts?
Zeolites are used as catalysts in drug (pharmaceutical) production and in the petrochemical market, where they’re used in catalytic crackers to break big hydrocarbon molecules into gas, diesel, kerosene, waxes and all kinds of other by-products of petroleum. Again, it’s the porous structure of zeolites that proves essential. The many pores in a zeolite’s open structure resemble millions of tiny test tubes where atoms and particles end up being trapped and chemical reactions readily happen. Since the pores in a particular zeolite are of a repaired shapes and size, zeolite catalysts can work selectively on particular molecules, which is why they’re sometimes described as shape-selective drivers (they can select the molecules they deal with in other ways next to shape and size, nevertheless). Like all drivers, zeolites are recyclable over and over again. 
When heated, the mineral zeolite produces large quantities of steam soaked up from the water around it. It was therefore named after the greek word “zeo” meaning to boil. While zeolite can be discovered naturally, most industrial usages require artificial production. Zeolites are commonly used as adsorbents in the nuclear, farming, heating, cooling, detergent and building and construction markets. The mineral is even used for detox and kitty litter. 
Natural zeolites form where volcanic rocks and ash layers react with alkaline groundwater. Zeolites also crystallized in post-depositional environments over periods ranging from thousands to countless years in shallow marine basins. Naturally taking place zeolites are generally found as mixtures with other minerals, metals, quartz, or other zeolites. They are therefore omitted from numerous important business applications where uniformity and pureness are important.
Traditional open pit mining methods are used to mine natural zeolites. The overburden is gotten rid of to permit access to the ore. The ore may be blasted or removed for processing by using tractors equipped with ripper blades and front-end loaders. In processing, the ore is crushed, dried, and crushed. The grated ore might be air-classified as to particle size and shipped in bags or bulk. The crushed product may be screened to remove great product when a granular item is required, and some pelletized items are produced from great material. Producers likewise may modify the residential or commercial properties of the zeolite or blend their zeolite items with other products prior to sale to boost their efficiency.
Currently, the world’s annual production of natural zeolite has to do with 4 million tons. Of this quantity, 2.6 million loads are delivered to chinese markets to be used in the concrete market. Eastern europe, western europe, australia, and asia are world leaders in providing the world’s demand for natural zeolite. By comparison, just 57,400 metric tons of zeolite (just 1 percent of the world’s present production) is produced in north america. Only just recently has north america understood the potential for existing and future markets.
Production of artificial zeolites
There are numerous types of artificial zeolites that form by a procedure of slow crystallization of a silica-alumina gel in the existence of alkalis and organic design templates. An important process for zeolite synthesis is referred to as “sol-gel” processing. The product’s properties depend upon such factors as composition of the response mixture, ph of the system, operating temperature level, pre-reaction “seeding” time, reaction time, and the templates utilized. In the sol-gel procedure, other aspects (metals or metal oxides) can be easily integrated. The silicalite sol formed by the hydrothermal method is very stable. Also the ease of scaling up this procedure makes it a preferred path for zeolite synthesis.
Synthetic zeolites hold several essential advantages over their natural analogs. For example, the synthetics can be made in a uniform, pure state. In addition, it is possible to manufacture desirable zeolite structures that do not appear in nature. Zeolite a is a well-known example. Considering that the primary raw materials used to make zeolites are silica and alumina, which are among the most plentiful mineral elements on earth, the possible to provide zeolites is practically endless. Finally, human engineered procedures are considerably faster than natural processes. Downsides consist of the failure to develop crystals with measurements of an equivalent size to their natural equivalents. 
Amazing health benefits of zeolites
1. Capture and get rid of toxins
Zeolites’ cavities are adversely charged substances drawing in and recording (for elimination) toxins and other hazardous substances like free radicals. Toxins are found in the family items we use to tidy, in the products we put on our skin, in the food we eat, water we consume, and the air we breathe. The elimination of these toxins permits the body’s cells to stay practical and repair themselves when harmed.
2. Assist get rid of heavy metals
The problem with heavy metals getting in the body from environmental pollutants (consisting of toxic substances in the food we eat) is that they collect in our body’s organs and tissue. They strain the ability of the liver to metabolize compounds for usage in the body and get rid of poisonous compounds. The constituents in zeolites have a high affinity for trapping these heavy harmful metals, creating ‘… a significant result in the threat decrease of specific cancers and heart disease-the two leading causes of death in the u.s.’ rik j. Deitsch.
3. Remove carcinogens
Cellular attack by complimentary radicals and other contaminants leaves harmed tissue and cells. These mutated cells are the beginning of cancerous destruction. Our cells need to eliminate them off before they harm the mitochondrial and nucleic dna. Zeolites help in this battle.
4. Help healthy food digestion
More particularly these silicate substances have actually been used to treat diarrhea. They have a high affinity for ammonium ions, implying the body absorbs less ammonia into the system through the digestive walls. Ammonia is harmful to the cells and zeolites decrease the damage to the digestive epithelial cells. This helps the “excellent nutrient’ absorption element.
5. Assist battle cancer
Zeolites are considered 100% safe and non-toxic by the fda. This mineral is rough edged, without any favorably charged fibrous particulates. Zeolites can trigger particular healthy physiological reactions with no negative results.
6. Help balance ph levels
The system that preserves balance (homeostasis) in the blood and other fluids varies. The kidneys play the main part in preserving this balance by getting rid of hydroxide ions. The system includes buffers. “… zeolites might be expected to alter the ionic material … the zeolite cage system may exchange for differing excess ions found in the zeolites instant environment. This would have the general impact of buffering the surrounding system and managing ph to near physiological levels.” Rik j. Deitsch, scientific research study monograph.
7. Super antioxidant
Free radicals, or atoms and molecules with unpaired electrons, attack cell membranes and when inside attack the dna. Typically these are checked or destroyed by anti-oxidants, however as we age or as antigens increase, the antioxidant network can’t keep up, and cells mutate triggering cancer and the creation of tumours. Zeolites function as part of the antioxidant network, relieving a few of the work and breaking the oxidative damage domino effect.
8. Reinforce your cardiovascular system
” as oxygen totally free radicals take a trip through the blood, they set the stage for heart, capillary, cerebrovascular, and skeletal muscle illness by making it harder for cells to repair themselves … the cage structure of zeolites may help to trap free radicals, therefore inactivating them and avoiding more damage to the surrounding tissue.”– ibid. Deitsch.
This procedure protects cell walls and prevents ldl platelet aggregation.
9. Reinforce body immune system
The lymphatic fluid (carrying protective lymphocytes) and the white blood cells (leukocytes) are an integral part of the immune system’s vast interaction procedure: finding, hindering, swallowing up, eliminating and getting rid of pathogens, antigens, mutagens and carcinogens (consisting of damaged cells.) Zeolites are likewise antiviral. Zeolites help this procedure in diverse physiological ways, utilizing remarkable biological systems. Zeolites eliminate harmful compounds, stop destructive attacks of ros, and discover and bind pathogens in the circulatory system.
10. Protect membranes
Epithelial cells are like skin cells in that they are the protective covering of the major organs, capillary and glands. Zeolites, in conjunction with the antioxidant network, protect these important membranes.
11. Hone mental skill
Oxidative damage can add to strokes. Oxygen totally free radicals also trigger iron which is predominately bound to protein. Increased and unattended levels of iron are commensurate with alzheimer’s disease, dementia and parkinson’s disease. Zeolite is a different kind of antioxidant than vitamins a, c, e, and selenium, considered the network antioxidants. These anti-oxidants can reduce the effects of complimentary radicals by giving or taking an electron without ending up being hazardous themselves. Zeolite does not act by doing this.
12. Adaptogenic homes
Adaptogen( s) is the current buzz word in health circles. It’s a good word since it adjusts in its usage. It suggests that particles act, respond and communicate with other substances. The body’s amazing metabolic and gastrointestinal procedures need these bio-active constituents which act as enzymes, aspects, co-factors, drivers and agents. Zeolite is utilized by the body in a range of ways-adapting to the body’s needs. 
13. Industrial uses
Thanks to its unique physical residential or commercial properties, zeolite has discovered uses in:.
- Farming: gets rid of smells and helps manage wastewater
- Farming: controls moisture and supplies minerals
- Public health and ecology: purifies water and assists get rid of nuclear waste
- Home: in ventilating agents, cleansing items, and individual care
- Chemistry: speeds up chain reactions
14. Traditional & medical usages
Traditional medicine acknowledges clay consuming (geophagia) as a natural detox technique. Zeolite has comparable homes and traditional usages.
In modern medicine, doctors and scientists utilize zeolite for:.
- Separation and detection of biomarkers
- Managed drug delivery
- Imaging techniques such as nmr (nuclear magnetic resonance)
- Skin and bone tissue engineering
- Wound treatment and bleeding control
15. Detox residential or commercial properties
Zeolite can bind and remove a wide variety of contaminants from the human body, drinking water, and waste products. Its tiny cages and surface area charge trap heavy metals, natural and chemical poisons, radioactive aspects, microbes, metabolic items, and more.
Thanks to these powerful detox properties, zeolite can:.
- Reverse oxidative damage
- Preserve a healthy microbiome
- Kill bacteria and infections
- Boost the levels of minerals and micronutrient
- Repair skin lesions and stop bleeding
- For these reasons, it’s typically utilized to detox heavy metals and other toxins from the body.
Zeolite does it all in the gut without being soaked up, which makes it safe for human use with a couple of notable exceptions (see “side effects & interactions” below).
Zeolite has a track record as a detox assistant because its distinct surface area structure binds to lots of potentially unsafe contaminants.
More advantages of zeolite
Preliminary research on zeolite showed great results, but strong medical evidence for a lot of conditions is still doing not have. The list below studies must motivate additional examination prior to we make any guaranteed conclusions. Keep in mind to speak to a doctor prior to taking zeolite supplements. They can not replace medical treatment for any health condition.
Keep in mind: clinoptilolite is the most typical type of zeolite for medical uses. All possible advantages refer to clinoptilolite unless specified otherwise.
Uncontrolled bleeding is the 2nd leading cause of death in severe injuries and mishaps.
The us military usages zeolite-based item (quickclot) to stop severe bleeding on the battlefield. Backed up by strong scientific evidence and real-life effectiveness, this item has actually also found application in civil medicine.
Animal research studies have actually verified its efficacy, too.
A mix containing zeolite and clay (coolclot) considerably reduced bleeding time in pet dogs with a lethal injury. In human blood samples, it enhanced clotting by 40%.
Clinoptilolite stopped uncontrolled bleeding in nearly 70% of treated rats and increased their chance of survival by 60%.
Zeolite is considered an effective clotting assistant to stop serious bleeding on the battlefield. Quick topical application can conserve lives.
Possibly reliable for
In a scientific trial on 33 volunteers, zeolite improved the elimination of aluminum, arsenic, lead, mercury, and other heavy metals. People who took liquid zeolite (30 drops a day) had considerably greater levels of these metals in their urine samples. Laboratory analysis verified that zeolite wasn’t contaminated, attributing the outcomes to heavy metal detox.
In research studies on mice, zeolite made it possible for lead removal and protected the brain from oxidative damage triggered by this heavy metal. It minimized the levels of lead in organs by approximately 91%.
In rats, clinoptilolite stimulated aluminum detox and stopped it from reaching the blood.
Cadmium is another heavy metal that can cause anemia and impair various organs. In cadmium-poisoned pigs, zeolite avoided anemia and safeguarded the liver. Nevertheless, it didn’t affect the cadmium concentration in the kidneys.
Cell research studies have actually confirmed the ability of zeolite to bind and remove heavy metals such as lead, arsenic, and mercury.
Brain damage & mood
Brain cells are especially sensitive to heavy metal poisoning. Heavy metals can harm neurons and set off anxiety, depression, anger, and attention problems.
The ability of zeolite to detox lead, mercury, aluminum, and other heavy metals makes it an appealing complementary technique to the above-mentioned mood conditions. Nevertheless, no studies have investigated the effect of zeolite on mood yet.
In 12 healthy drinkers, clinoptilolite (5 g) reduced blood levels of alcohol by as much as 43%. It blocked alcohol absorption when integrated with a drink.
In another medical trial, 25 volunteers took zeolite (2.25 g– 4.5 g) the morning after the “night out.” It was too late for alcohol detox, however their hangover signs enhanced by 40-50%.
Aflatoxins may contaminate foods and endanger human health, particularly the liver.
Clinoptilolite was able to detox chickens from aflatoxin and safeguard their liver, bile duct, and kidneys. Immune system organs such as the thymus also suffered less damage.
Given to cows, zeolite lowered levels of aflatoxin in their milk, which is a major source of human poisoning. In test tubes, zeolite might get rid of aflatoxin from water (60%) and animal feed (80%).
Zeolite secured chickens against another vicious fungal contaminant, ochratoxin a. The animals consumed more, gained weight, and recuperated much faster.
Zeolite porous structure is a best trap for large radioactive elements. In rats and sheep, clinoptilolite blocked the absorption of radioactive cesium and minimized its concentration in animals’ organs.
Clinoptilolite can bind radioactive atoms in nuclear waste and aid resolve this burning ecology issue.
Other toxic substances
Nitrates are toxins that can infect drinking water and disturb the health of people and animals. In cows, zeolite reversed the metabolic damage caused by nitrates.
In addition, clinoptilolite detoxed rats from organophosphates (nerve toxins). The truth that some pesticides come from this group exposes the value of zeolite detox homes.
Zeolite can bind to numerous dangerous toxins and poisons and avoid them from being absorbed and doing damage in the body.
3) gut health
” dripping gut” means that toxic substances, microbes, and inflammatory molecules can leakage from the gut into the bloodstream. This may cause fatigue, autoimmune illness, depression, and more.
In a scientific trial of 52 endurance athletes, zeolite (1.85 g daily for 12 weeks) tightened up the digestive tract wall and avoided leaking. It also had a mild anti-inflammatory effect on the gut.
In mice with ulcerative colitis, a type of ibd, clinoptilolite was able to repair gut damage. It showed equally efficient as a standard ibd drug (5-aminosalicylic acid). Tests validated that mice didn’t take in zeolite particles into the blood stream.
Zeolite showed comparable action in a research study on pigs with gut inflammation.
The buildup of urea, ammonia, and gases in the gut may lead to ulcerative colitis, ibs, and even colon cancer. High levels of urea in the blood (uremia) can be deadly. Zeolite binds both urea and ammonia, possibly providing security against these gut toxins.
According to restricted medical proof, zeolite may be valuable in cases of “leaking gut.”
4) gut microbiome
The favorable effect of zeolite on gut bacteria adds to the above benefits however likewise assists relieve diarrhea and enhances general health.
Cuban doctors have developed a drug for diarrhea (enterex) made from clinoptilolite. They proved its safety and effectiveness in 4 clinical trials and additional cell experiments. The ability of clinoptilolite to restore healthy gut plants played a crucial role in this result.
When added to chicken feed, zeolite cut the variety of hazardous bacteria in their gut without disturbing the good germs. Chicken infected with salmonella, a major cause of food poisonings, recuperated much faster and suffered less oxidative damage.
Another natural zeolite, chabazite, showed similar action in canines. It even raised the number of probiotic lactobacillus and bifidobacterium strains while battling digestive tract pathogens.
In cell research studies, zeolite inhibited the growth of 2 viral stress (coxsackievirus and echovirus) that invade us through the gut.
Zeolite may promote the growth of beneficial gut germs and prevent the growth of pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
5) oxidative damage
Cigarette smoking poisons the whole body and increases the danger of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative tension plays a key role in the unfavorable impacts of cigarette smoking.
In a scientific trial on 85 cigarette smokers, clinoptilolite (5.4 g daily for 1 month) potently improved antioxidant defense, comparable to vitamin e.
Other kinds of natural zeolite showed equivalent results in 25 individuals: they boosted glutathione levels and protected lipids from oxidative damage.
In chickens and diabetic rats, zeolite:
- Increased antioxidant enzymes (glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase-sod)
- Increased overall antioxidant capability
- Secured the organs from injury
- Zeolite’s ability to bind to toxins might give a function in combating oxidative tension.
6) might alleviate heartburn and stomach ulcers
In gastroesophageal reflux illness (gerd), heartburn damages the esophagus, causing heartburn and other unpleasant symptoms.
In a medical trial on 25 people with gerd, clinoptilolite (1.5 g daily for 2 weeks) relieved heartburn, pain, and discomfort by 45-55%.
The same protocol secured another 23 clients from stomach ulcers brought on by a typical nsaid drug, naproxen.
Insufficient evidence for
The following purported advantages are only supported by limited, low-quality clinical research studies. There is insufficient evidence to support using zeolite for any of the below-listed usages. Keep in mind to speak with a physician before using zeolite, and never ever utilize it in place of something your doctor recommends or prescribes.
7) wound recovery
In a russian medical trial, zeolite improved the cleaning and recovery of burn wounds and enhanced overall grievances. Important note: patients taken in zeolite and didn’t apply it on the wounds. This research study does not expose vital details such as dosage and sample size.
Zeolite packed with nitric oxide (no) improved injury healing in rats. It eliminated germs and fungis while safeguarding skin cells.
Patches with faujasite (natural zeolite) and copper revealed similar results. They likewise enhanced oxygen supply and skin regeneration.
Another exceptional mix for injury recovery might be zeolite + silver. Spots with silver-zeolite can hinder the growth of hazardous microorganisms, such as:
- Aeruginosa, which can trigger hospital-acquired infections
- Coli, known for triggering ulcers and contaminating wounds
- Aureus and mrsa, hard-to-treat strains of germs
- Candida fungus albicans
Because of its blood clot and antibacterial activity, some researchers have been investigating whether zeolite can help with injury recovery.
8) cholesterol and blood lipids
In a medical trial on 41 clients, micronized (fine-ground) zeolite lowered blood levels of the “bad” cholesterol (ldl) and blood lipids, while raising the “great” cholesterol (hdl). After 8 weeks (6-9 g everyday), these worths enhanced by 20-25%.
The lack of a control group in this study avoids us from drawing reliable conclusions.
9) oral health
In 11 volunteers, a mouth wash with silver-zeolite (zeolite packed with silver ions) greatly lowered dental plaque formation.
In a cell research study, silver-zeolite cut candida albicans development and acid production, 2 major reasons for dental plaque and oral infections.
Furthermore, zeolite can eliminate volatile odors and therefore battle bad breath.
10) liver protection
The antioxidant power of zeolite may be crucial for liver defense.
In rats with partially removed liver, clinoptilolite provided antioxidant support by boosting glutathione and protective enzymes. As a result, blood markers of oxidative damage dropped.
In a cell study, clinoptilolite reversed the liver-damaging results of adriamycin, an anticancer drug. It reduced inflammatory proteins (nf-κb, tnf-alpha, and il-1b) and prevented cell death.
As explained above (see “detox”), zeolite likewise secures against liver-damaging aflatoxins.
Zeolite’s antioxidant activity and capability to bind toxic substances may offer it a function in liver health. 
- Fibrosis (increase in fibrous tissue)
- Pneumoconiosis (breathing disease)
- Mesothelioma cancer (direct exposure to erionite, a type of air-borne fibrous zeolite, is connected with high incidence of mesothelioma cancer) 
The dosing explanation
As far as i can tell there are 2 main reasons that a greater dose of zeolite is much safer and more efficient than a lower dosage.
Factor one- level of affinity. Zeolite has a strong negative charge and hence is drawn in to favorably charged particles. Because a lot of contaminants, such as heavy metals, radiation, and pesticides, are favorably charged, zeolite is pulled to the toxic substances, like a magnet, and draws them up into its structure. This makes zeolite an efficient detox method for a variety of harmful elements. However the secret here is that zeolite is more drawn in to certain poisonous elements than others. For instance, zeolite has a higher affinity for lead than for mercury. So let’s state the zeolite enters your bloodstream and binds to mercury. Then it continues through the blood stream and finds some lead. The zeolite will drop the mercury and bind to the lead due to the fact that it is more attracted to the lead. If a high dosage of zeolite was taken in then there is probably sufficient extra zeolite in the blood to pick up the dropped mercury. If a low dose was taken the mercury might be redistrubed and result in a detox response. Note- this is one reason that staying on zeolite for a prolonged amount of time might be necessary. It may take months before the zeolite really starts effectively detoxing mercury depending upon how many other toxic substances remain in your body that are the top priority for zeolite.
Reason two- zeolite in the gut. Particle size is important. Many zeolite items boast a little particle size however do not have the capability to catch toxins in the gut. Instead of providing one particle size, our zeolite range from 0 to 40 microns with 80% of the micron particles being less than 10 microns and the other 20% being from 10-40 microns. This variety in microns guarantees a more total full-body detox. Smaller zeolite particles are carried into the blood stream for cellular detox, while the larger particles stay in the gastrointestinal tract to function as a binder. This uses a more well balanced detox and minimizes die off reactions common with numerous zeolite supplements. So the higher the dose of zeolite, the more large zeolite particles are left in the gut to function as a binder. 
Factors to consider
As zeolite travels through the body it may cause dehydration so it is important to consume extra water and keep the body effectively hydrated. Only zeolites in their purest form ought to be taken. Naturally mined zeolite contains numerous poisonous minerals and it is necessary to study the cleaning process and what compounds have been contributed to the end product before purchasing. It’s constantly better to go for an item that has actually been analyzed by a 3rd party lab. 
- Wash face, hands and any exposed skin completely after managing
- Use protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face security
- Prevent breathing dust/fume/gas/ mist/vapors/spray
- Use just outdoors or in a well-ventilated area